Historic Photos of UI Child Development Studies Featured in New Digital Collection

Frederick Kent’s “Colleges and Departments” photograph series, covering the early to mid-20th century and housed in the University Archives, is the definitive pictorial history of academics at The University of Iowa. But among expected subject matter like scholars, scientists, and artists, one might be surprised to find over 500 images of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. These historic photographs, taken at the now-defunct Iowa Child Welfare Research Station, are available in a new online exhibit from the University of Iowa Libraries: http://digital.lib.uiowa.edu/ictcs/icwrs.html

The UI is currently known for a number of top-ranked programs in areas such as nursing, printmaking, and creative writing, but many are unaware that it was once the nation’s leader in child psychology and child development studies. Thanks to the Station, a research center in operation from 1917 to 1974, The University of Iowa was highly influential in the development of child psychology and child development studies.  A few milestonetemps in the Station’s history include anthropometric studies used to create national standards for child growth rates, the establishment of the country’s first free-standing preschool, and IQ studies demonstrating the importance of early intervention that paved the way for later social programs such as Head Start.

The Iowa Child Welfare Research Station web exhibit is part of the Iowa City Town and Campus Scenes Digital Collection, which features nearly 6,000 historic images of The University of Iowa and its surrounding community. The collection is online at http://digital.lib.uiowa.edu/ictcs

Get to Know Iowa City, Flex Your Creative Muscles, Win Fame and Prizes!

So you’ve had some time to get your bearings on campus and in Iowa City. Do you think you can identify places around town from photos taken 50 years ago? Can you put your photography skills to work and re-create that image? Your photo creation could earn you fame and prizes (like tickets to Hancher)!

The Iowa City Town and Campus Scenes collection or the UI Physical Education for Women collection in the Iowa Digital Library are great places to start.

Check our contest website (http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/events/then_now) for complete details about entering and uploading your photo. All members of the UI community (faculty, staff and students) are encouraged to participate, but only students are eligible to win prizes. Deadline for submission is October 1, 2010 at 5 p.m.

Good luck !

Vascular Plants of Iowa is newest addition to the Iowa Digital Library

When anyone who works with the vascular plants of Iowa—researchers, conservationists, teachers, agricultural specialists, horticulturists, gardeners—have needed information about the state’s plants, they have turned to Lawrence Eiler and Dean Roosa’s The Vascular Plants of Iowa: An Annotated Checklist and Natural History. This meticulously researched volume was first published by the University of Iowa Press in 1994.

Today, through a collaborative project with The University of Iowa Libraries, Vascular Plants has been digitized and pulled together in an easily searchable online research tool (digital.lib.uiowa.edu/uipress/vpi). Like the printed book, the digital version consists of an extended essay on the natural history of the vascular plants of Iowa, a discussion of their origins, a description of the state’s natural regions, and a painstakingly annotated checklist of Iowa vascular plants.

All known vascular plants that grow and persist in Iowa without cultivation are included in the checklist. These are native plants, primarily, but a large number of introduced species have become established throughout the state. Also included are Iowa’s major crop plants and some of its common garden plants. The lengthy checklist provides an accurate and comprehensive listing of species names and common names, synonyms, distribution, habitat, abundance, and origin; county names are given for very rare species, and the most complete information has been provided for all rare plants and troublesome species.

The wealth of information in this well-organized, practical volume describes more than two thousand species from Adiantum pedatum, the northern maidenhair fern of moist woods and rocky slopes, to Zannichellia palustris, the horned pondweed of shallow marshes and coldwater streams—makes it possible to identify Iowa plants correctly.

The print version of the book is available for purchase on the UI Press website .

University of Iowa Extends Its Collaboration with Accessible Archives, Inc.

Content Expansion Will Bring New Material to Civil War Collection

The University of Iowa Libraries has signed an agreement with Accessible Archives, an electronic publisher of primary source full-text historical databases, to preserve in digital format a number of primary source publications from the Civil War era. The Libraries’ holdings include various Civil War memoirs, pamphlets, and regimental histories, which up to now have been available only for those with access to its Special Collections Department.  Once the materials have been digitized and made fully searchable, they will become a new portion – an additional part – of The Civil War, a collection from Accessible Archives that has been well received by university and public libraries.

The Libraries has already contributed missing issues of Godey’s Lady’s Book to the digital collection. Among the Civil War books soon to be preserved and made searchable are: One Year’s Soldiering, Embracing the Battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh, written by the chaplain of the Fourteenth Iowa Infantry and published in 1863; Sketches of the War, 2nd Edition, by Charles Henry Nott, published in 1865; and The Twenty-First Regiment of the Iowa Infantry, by George Crooke, published in 1891. Full-page images will be included, giving researchers access to the text, photographs, portraits, maps, and illustrations found in the original print format.

“We are delighted to extend the collaboration begun with Godey’s Lady’s Book and provide material from the University of Iowa Special Collections to enhance Accessible Archives’ The Civil War. Iowa provided more troops per capita than any other state in the Union, and Iowa men fought in nearly all the campaigns and major battles, were captured and imprisoned in the South, and after the war wrote about their experiences and came together frequently in reunions.  All of this is documented in the University of Iowa contribution,” said Edward Shreeves, Director of Collections and Scholarly Communication and Associate University Librarian.

“I think the publications from Iowa will be a great addition and enhancement to the material that we already have.  Many times, the Midwest is overlooked as far as Civil War coverage and I think this collection will help to improve that,” added Tom Nagy, Accessible Archives COO.

The Iowa publications will complement the Civil War newspapers and memoirs that are already online, which were obtained from the Godfrey Memorial Library and Vincennes University.

The Libraries announce the 2010 Creative Scholarship Innovation Award winners

The University of Iowa Libraries is pleased to announce the two winners of Creative Scholarship Innovation Awards, aimed at supporting significant digital humanities projects with the potential for national recognition. The award will fund hardware, software, and personnel; additionally, awardees will be paired with a team of librarians and technologists who will work as collaborators to develop the projects. Winners are:

  • Julie Hochstrasser, School of Art & Art History—$8,585 toward hiring a graduate assistant with subject matter expertise to work on a collection of documentary text, bibliography, photographs, and video accumulated during research, including travel to key sites of 17th century global Dutch trade and colonization.
  • William Davies, Linguistics –$2,080 to supplement other award monies toward hiring a graduate assistant with subject matter expertise to caption videos of Madurese storytellers and create a digital collection that includes Davies’ transcription of Madurese with interlinear English and Indonesian translations.

“University of Iowa librarians have a long history of close collaboration to support faculty who incorporate technology into their teaching and research, reaching as far back as the 1992 launch of the Information Arcade®,” said Library Director Nancy Baker. “This award is a continuation of our commitment to supporting digital scholarship.”

In late 2008, the Council on Library and Information Resources released “No Brief Candle: Reconceiving Research Libraries for the 21st Century.”  In this report, Rick Luce, Vice Provost and Director of Libraries at Emory University, notes that the e-research developments initially seen in the science, engineering, technology, and medicine disciplines are now penetrating the social sciences and the humanities.  Luce describes how e-research will profoundly shape the research libraries of tomorrow:  “Instead of simply storing objects of assorted types, researchers need libraries that reflect a Web 2.0 service environment in which communication is continuous and synchronous. This reality introduces significantly greater complexity to digital capture, curation, and preservation.”

To align with emerging e-research trends and the Libraries’ current strategic goals, the Libraries is transforming the Information Arcade space to reflect a renewed focus on faculty support for e-research, including but not limited to support for new forms of scholarly publishing, digital humanities, data curation, and open/linked data. Toward that end, Digital Library Services (DLS), in collaboration with ITS and the VPR’s office, hosted a series of AHI grant preparation workshops in January. DLS has also begun new collaborations with humanists and social scientists on projects ranging from capturing Twitter feeds in support of political science research to hosting peer-reviewed online journals such as the Walt Whitman Quarterly Review.

For more information, please contact Digital Library Services at lib-digital@uiowa.edu or call (319) 335-9275.

The University’s “Diary” now online in Iowa Digital Library

It may be called the University of Iowa’s diary: magazines catering to its alumni. Starting with The Iowa Alumnus in 1903 and continuing today as Iowa Alumni Magazine, these publications chronicle the life and events of the University and its people on many fronts: research breakthroughs, innovations in teaching, graduates’ milestonetemps, political and social movements, and memorable football games.

This indispensable source of University of Iowa history, spanning over a century, is now available online as part of the Iowa Digital Library, managed by the University of Iowa Libraries. The University of Iowa Alumni Publications Collection, based on holdings in the University Archives, includes every issue of The Iowa Alumnus (1903-1925), Iowa Alumni Review (1947-1993), Iowa Alumni Quarterly (1993-1999), and Iowa Alumni Magazine (2000-2004). Except for a 22-year interruption from 1925 to 1947 when there was no alumni publication, these magazines tell the stories of faculty, staff, students, alumni and others associated with the University.

When it premiered on December 15, 1903, The Iowa Alumnus made a modest promise to its readers in the foreword: “[The Alumnus] will not be a mere news-gatherer, a gossip-monger, or a hobby-horse. It will, however, aim to be of interest to alumni and other friends of the University, and to the University itself; but by what precise process these two things are to be worked out, will be disclosed in successive numbers.” Since its first issue, the alumni magazine has been published by the University of Iowa Alumni Association.

The more than 80 volumes of alumni publications are full-text searchable or can be browsed by year. More recent issues – those published within the last five years – will be available exclusively to members of the University of Iowa Alumni Association as a benefit of membership.

To access the University of Iowa Alumni Publications Collection, go to http://digital.lib.uiowa.edu/uap.

Student Protests of the 1970s

Spring of 1970 was a tumultuous time on college campuses. On April 30, President Richard Nixon announced that U.S forces would invade Cambodia because of the recent communist coup. Students around the country protested this escalation of the Vietnam War. On May 4, the National Guard fired on students at Kent State University, killing 4 and wounding 9 people, which ignited protests all over the country.

 Daily Iowan front page May 5, 1970

Anti-war protests were not new to Iowa City or to elsewhere in Iowa; protests had been occurring throughout the 1960s.

Iowa City Peace March    Des Moines Protestors in 1966

Spring of 1970 was different.

After the Kent State shootings, students marched on the National Guard Armory, broke windows there and also in some downtown businesses. The City Council gave the mayor curfew powers. On May 6 there was a student boycott of classes. That night about 400 people had a “sleep-in” in front of the Old Capitol.  That night about 50 people broke into the Old Capitol and set off a smoke bomb. The protestors left voluntarily when asked to do so. Around 2 AM Friday morning President Boyd requested arrest of the students on the Pentacrest by highway patrolmen, but the next day he regretted the mass arrests and said he had received faulty information. On May 8, President Boyd cancelled the 89th annual Governor’s day ROTC observance for the following day. On Friday and Saturday a National Guard helicopter circled the Pentacrest.

Map showing location of "big Pink"In the early morning hours of Saturday, May 9, the Old Armory Temporary (O.A.T.), also known as “Big Pink”, which housed the writing lab, was burned down. This building was located was next to the Old Armory, where the Adler Journalism and Mass Communications building currently is located. O.A.T was said to be at the top of a list of buildings for burning, probably due to its poor condition and was considered a firetrap. Fireman controlling "Big Pink" fireThe Iowa Alumni Review includes an article about the fire in which the author states: “Only the ends stayed upright. … On the south, Lou Kelly’s Writing lab bearing the sign ‘another mother for peace,’ escaped.” There was a second, smaller fire on Saturday evening in a restroom in the East Hall Annex.

By Sunday morning, President Boyd gave students the option to leave. Classes were not cancelled but students could leave and take the grade they currently had.

Daily Iowan front page May 11, 1970

Student ProtestsAn account of the May 1970 protests can be read in the June-July issue of the Iowa Alumni Review.

In his autobiography, My Iowa Journey: The Life Story of the University of Iowa’s First African American Professor, Philip Hubbard (University Vice-Provost in 1970) gives an administrator’s perspective of all the protests of the 1960s.  He supported the student’s right to protest and in 1966 stated:

Students should not accept everything that is dished out to them. We don’t want to dictate what they should or should not do. However, student demonstrations should remain within the law and good taste without interfering with the university’s primary purpose of instructing students.

During this time there was also a strong ROTC presence on campus.


The 1970 yearbook includes many pictures of the men and women who chose to serve the country in this manner. Their presence on campus and the academic credit they received for their service was called into question by both students and faculty in the spring of 1970, but Boyd said he could not abolish ROTC. The Alumni Review had an article called “ROTC: Alive and well at Iowa” in the December 1969 issue which helps provide a more complete picture of this period in history.

More information about protests at the University of Iowa can be found by consulting the “University Archives Resource guide to Student Protest Movements.”

Walt Whitman Quarterly Goes Digital

The Walt Whitman Quarterly Review (WWQR), a literary quarterly sponsored by the University of Iowa Graduate College and the Department of English, is now available online at http://ir.uiowa.edu/wwqr/. The official journal of the Walt Whitman Studies Association is edited at Iowa by editor Ed Folsom and managing editor Blake Bronson-Bartlett. 

Less than a month after the site’s public launch, The Walt Whitman Recording, has already become the second-most accessed item in Iowa Research Online, the university’s institutional repository. The article, by Folsom, describes the rediscovery of the “tape-recording of what may be an 1889 or 1890 wax-cylinder recording of Walt Whitman reading four lines of his late poem ‘America.’” The audio has gained broad exposure recently in a Levi’s Go Forth commercial.

All journal back issues, beginning with the first volume in 1983, up to one year ago are full-text searchable from the site. Current issues are accessible to subscribers only. The site provides information about subscribing, announcements about Whitman-related matters, access to the searchable bibliography of everything written about Whitman from 1840 to the present, and up-to-date information on the census of the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass. Soon, articles will also be available through bibliographic entries in the Walt Whitman Archive

WWQR is the latest journal to be added to Iowa Research Online, a dynamic archive of the research produced by faculty, researchers, and students, from published articles in peer-reviewed journals to presentations, theses, dissertations, and unpublished papers. WWQR is among four locally published e-journals hosted by the University of Iowa Libraries, with an additional two currently in production. To find out more about the Libraries support for locally journal publishing, see the Libraries e-journal hosting information. As with all efforts related to Iowa Research Online, this project was part of a broader Libraries initiative to support the transformation of scholarly communications.

—Nicole Saylor
Head, Digital Library Services

UIMA Digital Collection recognized

Last week, The Iowa Digital Library’s collection for the UI Museum of Art was named ALA’s Digital Library of the Week!  See the sidebar in this week’s American Libraries Direct or the news item in ALA’s ilovelibraries.org.

The permanent collections of the University of Iowa Museum of Art contain more than 12,000 objects, from masterworks of European and American Art of the 20th century to a world-renowned collection of traditional African Art. Currently, the UIMA Digital Collection features over 5,100 of the museum’s 12,000 objects; the rest of the holdings will be added in the near future.

More items have been added to the collection since the review was written, so instead of “over 5,100” it’s now “more than 9,800.”

Bio Dictionary of Iowa Reviewed

The Biographical Dictionary of Iowa, ed. by David Hudson, Marvin Bergman, and Loren Horton.  Internet Resource. Reviewed in 2010 January CHOICE.

This collaboration between the University of Iowa Press and University Libraries is based on a print title that the university published in 2009 for the State Historical Society of Iowa. The print book and PDF e-book are available from the press for $45 each. The editors worked with some 150 contributors. The dictionary focuses on persons born in Iowa, living 20 years in Iowa, or making a significant contribution to Iowa. Those who died after December 31, 2000, are excluded. Biographees include athletes, writers, activists, scientists, and more, as well as Iowa governors and US senators/Supreme Court justices from Iowa. Not all are famous. The editors have chosen people who made significant contributions to the state, nation, or world, particularly those whose base was distinctly Iowan. The merely famous, the introduction points out, can be found on the Des Moines Register’s Famous Iowans Web page .

The Biographical Dictionary site is simple and attractive with tabs for the home page, introduction, and four browse functions. Users may browse 424 names, eight date ranges, contributor names, or 38 broad topics such as Indian Leaders, Mining, Settlement, and Women’s Rights, or use keywords to search the full text of the entries. The charming graphics come from a 1934 US Post Office mural–a Treasury Department art project. Entries vary in length but average about 750 words. They begin with birth/death dates and a very nice feature–an abstract of biographical highlights. In a lively but not unscholarly mode, entries cover personal and professional details, significant contributions, and long-term impact. Brief source lists complete the entries. For audiences of all ages and backgrounds, this site compiles useful and elusive information in an attractive, functional format. Photographs and better highlighting of keyword search terms would enhance the entries.

Summing Up: Recommended. All levels. — J. Drueke, University of Nebraska–Lincoln

Reprinted with permission from CHOICE http://www.cro2.org/, copyright by the American Library Association.