During Open Access week (October 22-28, 2018) we will be highlighting a number of guest posts from University of Iowa Faculty and Staff who have personal experience making their work Open Access. We appreciate their contributions.
Open Access journals are subversive
As academics, we regularly review and edit for the content of scientific publications for free. We receive federal and state government funds to conduct research, which leads to new knowledge, which we write up and give away to publishers who sell it, effectively making it inaccessible to anyone who isn’t associated with a major university. The publishers are a parasite on scientific progress. Elsevier (a major academic publisher) made 2.5 billion pounds of profit (34%) in 2017. Typesetting, printing, and mailing journals is no longer needed. What role do modern scientific journal publishers fulfill that they need to be rewarded with profits equal to many times the investment whole states make in higher education?
The world would be a better place if more people could learn about it. We need more readers. Government-funded research should be broadly and freely disseminated.
If we put our writing and reviewing energy into our open-access journals, we can subvert this functionless nuisance to the flow of knowledge and make the world a better place.
GUIDO GUIDI (1508-1569). Chirurgia è Graeco in Latinum conversa. Paris: Excudebat Petrus Galterius, 1544
Guidi, a successful Florentine surgeon, was invited to Paris in 1542 to help the French King Francis I apply medical advances of the Italian Renaissance to French medicine. Francis appointed Guidi his personal physician and chair of surgery at the Collège de France. Upon the death of Francis I in 1547, Guidi was recalled to Italy by Cosimo I, ruler of Tuscany, and became his personal physician and professor of philosophy and medicine at Pisa.
When Guidi came to Paris, he brought with him a copy of a tenth-century Greek surgical manuscript as a gift for the French monarch. Guidi was able to complete his Latin translation and commentary on the manuscript and published this work. The book is a compilation of what was then known about treating wounds and fractures, especially war wounds. Most of the book is devoted to Hippocrates’ writings on ulcers, fistulas, and head wounds with Guidi’s commentaries and observations, and Galen’s commentaries on Hippocrates’ works on fractures and joints.
The artist of this book is thought to be Francesco Salviati and was formerly attributed to artist Francesco Primaticcio. This book is often considered to be the finest textbook of surgery printed in the 16th century.
The University Libraries* is seeking nominations for the Arthur Benton University Librarian’s Award for Excellence. The Award will recognize and reward a Libraries’ professional staff member who has demonstrated outstanding commitment and/or leadership in furthering the mission of the Libraries in providing service to the University community.
The $1,500 award, made possible by a generous endowment from Dr. Arthur Benton, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Neurology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, will support the recipient’s professional development activities, research projects, or publications.
All University Libraries’ professional staff with a minimum of five years of service to the Libraries and with an appointment of 75% FTE or more are eligible.
Click here for the Benton Nomination Form. The nomination form, nomination letter and two additional support letters are due by 5 PM on Tuesday, October 30, 2018.
For more information, contact Kelly Taylor, Libraries’ Administration Office, 335-6093.
Jennifer Deberg of Hardin Library is a previous winner.
*The University Libraries includes the Main Library, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, and the Art, Business, Engineering, Music, and Science libraries. The Law Library and other campus departmental library staff are not eligible.
Assistance with literature searches
The UI Libraries subscribe to hundreds of online databases, focused on a variety of disciplines and implementations, from point-of-care to basic science research. Your liaison can help you choose the right databases, the right headings, and the right strategy. Health Sciences databases All databases
Easy access to electronic journals and an app to help you read them on mobile devices A-Z list of electronic journals – we may have other issues in print as well! Browzine app for iOS, Android and Kindle lets you make a customized newsstand of journals to browse, read, and monitor.
Free interlibrary loan and document delivery
If you need an article or book that the UI Libraries doesn’t have, we can get it for you, for free. And if you need an article that we only have in print, we will scan it for you. No limits on the number of requests!
Hardin Open Workshops
Hardin librarians offer monthly workshops on topics like PubMed, EndNote, and avoiding predatory publishers. We can also bring any of our sessions to you individually or to your group.
Quick help when you need it
Whenever the library is open, we have trained reference staff available to answer questions. Contact us!
If you are off-campus, you will be prompted for your Hawk ID and password.
Basic Searching Using the Quick Search Box
Identify the main concepts in your research question, so you can search for each concept separately. For example, a search about the effects of aspirin on heart attacks has two concepts — “aspirin” and “heart attack.”
Type your first concept in the Quick Search box on the homepage. Be sure to type slowly enough to let the database map your concept to the best Emtree term. See the screenshot on the right. Emtree terms are Embase’s controlled vocabulary, which are used by human indexers when they assign subject terms to articles. The mapping feature offered by the Quick Search box helps you get the most inclusive results.
When you see the mapped term that best matches your concept, stop typing and click on the mapped term.
Click on the Show xxxx results button and you will be taken to the Results page.
To continue searching for additional concepts, click the Embase logo at the top left of the Results page to return to the Quick Search box. Important: the Search box on the top of the Results page and the Quick Search box may look alike, but they are not the same.
Repeat Steps 2, 3 and 4 for additional concepts.
On the top of Results page, you can find your search History. Notice how Embase has searched your terms. For each term, it searches the concept as an Emtree term (i.e. ‘heart infarction’/exp) and as a text word from the titles and abstracts of articles. The “/exp” indicates that it’s an “explosion” in Emtree, meaning this search not only looks for the subject term you selected (i.e. heart infarction) but also many related subjects (i.e. acute heart infarction, heart ventricle infarction, etc).
Finally, combine your searches by checking the boxes to the left of each search and then clicking the Combine button. Be sure to select AND or OR, depending on your search.
Refining Your Search
On the Results page, there are several options in the gray bars beneath the search box. For example, if you click on Quick limits you will have the options to limit your search to Human subjects and English language.
There are also several options in the left side-bar of the Results page. For example, you can see how many citations there are in the most recent search in various subsets, e.g. age, gender, drugs used, and other diseases.
Exporting, Printing, and Saving References
Check the boxes to the left of references of interest.
Click on the “Print”, “Export”” or “Email” link located at both the top and the bottom of the search results and follow the prompts.
For EndNote Desktop, make sure the export format is RIS format (Reference Manager, ProCite, EndNote). For EndNote Web (Basic), make sure the export format is plain text and output is full record. When in EndNote Web (Basic), make sure the import option is EMBASE.com.
Finding Full Text
To see if full text is available, use the UILink button , located below the article title, authors, and journal title. Do not use the full text link right before the UILink button.
More than 5,500 new records are added to Embase every working day, corresponding to over 1.4 million records each year. Of these, about 83% are indexed by Embase and 17% are additional MEDLINE records licensed from the National Library of Medicine.
The library also subscribes to Scopus, but results will differ. Scopus includes most, but not all, Embase content, as well as the Embase index terms. Scopus searches focus on abstracts and citations, while a search in Embase provides additional insights as a result the structured full-text indexing of content.
Embase subheadings are not available on Scopus, so searches cannot be focused in the same way. For example, it is not possible to limit drug searches to records focusing on adverse effects.