JEAN CRUVEILHIER (1791-1874). Anatomie pathologique du corps humain. 2 vols. and atlas. Paris: J.-B. Baillière, 1829-1842.
In the nineteenth century pathology came into its own, based on increasingly accurate knowledge of pathological anatomy. Cruveilhier was the first occupant of the newly established chair of pathology at the University of Paris. Cruveilhier was the first to give an adequate description of disseminated sclerosis and of progressive muscular atrophy, now known as multiple sclerosis. He also described and named, for the first time, hypertrophic pyloric stenosis and ulceration of the stomach due to hyperacidity. His system of pathology, which erroneously taught that “phlebitis dominates all pathology,” was permanently discredited by Virchow’s later work. This atlas contains some of the finest illustrations of gross pathology ever made. They are colored lithographs, done by the anatomical illustrator, Antoine Chazal.
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