Rare Book Room Category

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Ibn Butlan’s Tacuini Sanitatis (1531)

The Maintenance of<br /><br /><br />
The Maintenance of Health by Ibn ButlanImage via the guardian.com, credit Royal Society

This images are from a 14th century translation of Arabic doctor Ibn Butlan, who died circa 1068. Butlan’s title roughly translates to “health report.” The report addresses the impact of nature, emotional states, daily life, and meteorological conditions on health. Butlan wrote that his book concerned “the six things that are necessary for every man in the daily preservation of his health.” These included:

1. “The treatment of air, which concerns the heart.”

2. “The right use of foods and drinks.”

3. “The correct use of movement and rest.”

4. “The problem of prohibiting excessive wakefulness.”

5. “The correct use of elimination and retention of humors.”

6. “The regulating of the person by moderating joy, anger, fear, and distress.”

Illustration from the 15th century edition of Tacuinum Sanitatis by Ibn Butlan.Wine. Image via offi.fr                                                                                                                        Making spaghetti. Image via spaghettiforever.wordpress.com

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John Martin Rare Book Room Open House March 27

The University of Library History of Medicine Society invites you to

Incunabula in a Medical Context

Open House

Thursday, March 27, 4:30-7 pm

  Incunabula are early printed books dating from 1450 to 1500, immediately after the introduction of the printing press.

The John Martin Rare Book Room at the Hardin Library for the Health Sciences will be opening its doors on the evening of Thursday, March 27 to let guests take a stroll through the 15th century.  Attendees will be allowed to page through and photograph our 32 incunabula along with select medieval manuscripts and facsimiles (copies), from 1500-1520.

To learn more, visit the Rare Book Room site. Contact Rare Book Room Curator Donna Hirst at (319) 335-9154 or by email at donna-hirst@uiowa.edu.

Don’t miss this chance for a unique glimpse into centuries-old medical scholarship!

Image via lib.cam.ac.uk

Incunabula page from the editio princeps of Lactantius (Italy, 1465).

Manuscript belongs to Cambridge University Library’s Incunabula Project.

 

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Announcing the completion of the William Osler Pamphlet Collection

About William Osler

Sir William Osler, 1st Baronet (July 12, 1849 – December 29, 1919) was a Canadian physician and one of the four founding professors of Johns Hopkins Hospital. Osler created the first residency program for specialty training of physicians, and he was the first to bring medical students out of the lecture hall for bedside clinical training. He has frequently been described as the “Father of Modern Medicine.” Osler was not only a physician but a bibliophile, author, historian, and renowned practical joker. He had numerous ties to the University of Iowa. Special Collections holds letters between Osler and Campell Palmer Howard, a faculty member at the University, and Osler’s desk is housed in the John Martin Rare Book Room at Hardin (Room 401).

Hardin’s Osler Pamphlet Collection

From 1972 to 2010 the Hardin Library received a significant collection of documents by and about William Osler, including several copies donated by Dr. R. N. Larimer. The Rare Book room staff has provided helpful guides and online versions for much of this material. An index for the collection, which contains 317 items ranging from 1878-1976, can be found here.

[Osler at his desk]

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William Stewart Halsted, Father of American Modern Surgery: a retrospective

The University of Iowa History of Medicine Society invites you to hear:

Nicholas P. Rossi, M.D.

Nicholas P. Rossi, Emeritus Professor, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Iowa College of Medicine. Rossi will provide a fascinating look at the life and medical achievements of William Stewart Halsted, considered the father of modern American surgery.

Halsted, who lived from 1852-1922, was one of the “Big Four” professors who founded John Hopkins Hospital. Halsted was an early pioneer for anesthesia and for aseptic technique in surgery, including the use of rubber gloves. Halsted also led a fascinating personal life: he was addicted to cocaine and morphine (which were not illegal during his lifetime) and was considered eccentric by his students. Throughout his lifetime, he was responsible for several innovations and advances in his field, including:

  • Halsted’s law, which states that transplanted tissue will grow only if the host lacks that tissue
  • Halsted mosquito forceps, a type of hemostat
  • Halsted’s operation I, a procedure for inguinal hernia
  • Halsted’s operation II, radical mastectomy for breast cancer
  • Halsted’s sign, used to detect breast cancer
  • Halsted’s suture, a mattress suture for wounds which minimized scarring

Attend this lecture to learn how the major preceding events of Halsted’s time and character ushered in one of the great eras of modern medicine.

This event will be held on Thursday, February 27 from 5:30-6:30 pm in Room 401 at Hardin Library for the Health Sciences. Find out more here or contact the Rare Book Room with questions at 335-9154 or by emailing donna-hirst@uiowa.edu. Want to know more about this fascinating figure? Read about Halsted at Hopkins Medicine or see his documentary.

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Asitha Jayawardena: “Expedited ‘Diffusion of Innovation’: A Reflection on the Ponseti Method in the current era of medicine”

The University of Iowa History of Medicine Society invites you to hear: Asitha Jayawardena on Thursday, January 23 from 5:30-6:30 in Room 401.

Sparks Essay Contest winner and College of Medicine Student Jayawardena will describe the history and cultural context of clubfoot and treatments developed by Dr. Ignacio Ponseti. He will then describe diffusion theory as Ponseti’s treatment spread through the world. Visit the UI History of Medicine Society for more info or call Donna Hirst in the Rare Book Room at 335-9154.

Photo: Exciting new voices are coming to the Rare Book Room at Hardin!</p>
<p>The University of Iowa History of Medicine Society invites you to hear Asitha Jayawardena, College of Medicine student and winner of the Sparks Essay Contest, on the history and diffusion of the Ponseti Method for treating clubfoot. This event will be held in Room 401 from 5:30-6:30 on Thursday, January 23.

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Notes from the John Martin Rare Book Room, 2014

BERNHARD SIEGFRIED ALBINUS (1697-1770). Tabulae sceleti et musculorum corporis humani. Leiden:  1747

This work is perhaps the most monumental and finest anatomical atlas ever published. The plates, although probably derived from Vesalius, were drawn with painstaking accuracy by Wandelaer and are dated between 1739 and 1747. Albinus described in his preface the methods used in the drawing of the skeletons and “muscle men” to achieve symmetry and beauty in each figure. All of the skeletons and “muscle men” have lush background scenes taken from nature which were chosen to animate the figures and emphasize the harmonious and natural beauty of the human body. The first three plates of the skeleton are each accompanied by outline plates. The following nine plates of the “muscle men” also have an additional outline plate. The final sixteen plates represent individual muscles and parts of muscles and each of the many figures is supplied with an outline drawing unless the letters are engraved directly on the finished figures.

Albinus-832-tab. IV-001

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Notes from the John Martin Rare Book Room, December 2013

Notes from the John Martin Rare Book Room, December, 2013

JOHANN CASPAR LAVATER (1741-1801). Essai sur la physiogno-monie : destiné à faire connoître l’homme… 4 vol. 1781[-1786].

Lavater was born in Zürich; he was a poet and a physiognomist. His name would be forgotten but for his work in the field of physiognomy. The fame of his book, which found admirers in France, England as well as Germany, rests largely upon the handsome style of publication and the accompanying illustrations.

The two principal sources from which Lavater de-veloped his physiognomical studies were the writings of the Italian polymath Giambattista della Porta, and the observations of Sir Thomas Browne in his Religio Medici. This pseudo-scientific analysis of the human face, and all the feelings it is capable of expression, was partially written by Goethe, a leading expert in craniology. To defend the science of physiognomy, Lavater drew upon the work of Haller, Herber, Leibnitz and Sulzer.

Although this work remains controversial, it is highly valued for its superb engraved illustrations. There are numerous portraits of famous writers, artists, musicians, scientists, and contemporary personages including Goethe, Samuel Johnson, Locke, George Washington, Voltaire, Heidegger, Wren, Diderot, Isaac Newton, and Johann Sebastian Bach.

JOHANN CASPAR LAVATER (1741-1801). Essai sur la physiognomonie

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Expedited Diffusion of Innovation: A reflection on the Ponseti Method

The Univ. of Iowa History of Medicine Society invites you to hear:  Asitha Jayawardena, medical student and winner of the Sparks Essay Contest, speak on  “Expedited Diffusion of Innovation: A reflection on the Ponseti Method in the current era of medicine.”

Thursday, Jan. 23, 2014, 5:30-6:30.   Room 401 Hardin Library

A cast from the past– Our speaker will describe the history and cultural context of clubfoot and treatments developed by Dr. Ignacio Ponseti.  He will then describe diffusion theory as Ponseti’s treatment spread through the world.

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E.A. Franken to speak on The Foundation of Radiology

The University of Iowa History of Medicine Society invites you to hear:

E. A. Franken, Jr., Emeritus Professor,  Department of Radiology, University of Iowa College of Medicine

speaking on:

“The Foundation of Radiology with an emphasis on the University of Iowa”

Thursday, November 21, 2013, 5:30-6:30

Room 401  Univ. of Iowa Hardin Library for the Health Sciences

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Notes from the John Martin Rare Book Room, November 2013

Notes from the John Martin Rare Book Room, November, 2013

GASPARE TAGLIACOZZI (1545-1599). De curtorum chirurgia per insitionem, libri duo. Venice: 1597.

Tagliacozzi was professor of surgery and anatomy at Bologna. This work, “Concerning the surgery of the mutilated by grafting,” is a classic in the history of plastic surgery and is especially noteworthy for its description of rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty had been practiced in ancient India and, in the thirteenth century, by a family of itinerant Sicilian surgeons who kept the operation a family secret. The volume is divided into two parts: “Theory of the art of plastic surgery,” and, “Practice of the art,” which describes and illustrates the instruments and operative procedures for restoration of the nose, lip, and ear. Tagliacozzi also fully discussed the complications, such as hemorrhage and gangrene, that often occurred during these operations.

Tagliacozzi-379-fp-001Tagliacozzi-379-018-001