Yours of date 11 Aug. has just reached me, and it has lifted a load of anxiety from my mind

Joseph Culver Letter, August 22, 1864, Page 1Hd. Quarters Battery “M” Ist Ill. Artillery.
Near Atlanta Ga. 22 Aug. 1864.
Dear Sister Mollie:

Yours of date 11 Aug. has just reached me, and it has lifted a load of anxiety from my mind. Untill today I have not heard a word from Sammy since the 26th of last month. He may have written to me. Our mail of late, has been troubled considerably by the rebel cavalry, and I hope all the letters that have been mailed to me have not reached me – or more plainly speaking, I hope that more letters have been mailed me, than I have yet received. I had a letter today from William S. Murphy. It is quite an affectionate and patriotic missive. He did not say anything about his father’s family. I know but little of them. How are they doing? Your letter is full of news and gratifies me more than it would to “go home and get married.” I do not write to the “girls” any more. You see I am out of note paper, have nothing but this large foolscap – and do not expect to have anything better for one or two years to come – and of course I would not shock their propriety by sending them a letter written on this vulgar sort of paper.

I think it is no pleasure to Jennie Guthrie to have you speak of me to her, therefore I would recommend that you avoid it in future. We used to correspond, but we don’t now. I don’t think I ever saw Robert Kelly, and yet the name sounds wonderfully familiar. Success to him in all his matrimonial enterprises. I guess I had better say something like that and let it go, hadn’t I? or shall I get a leave of absence and go home and call him out. There would be a taste of romance in this latter course! and I think it would please the girls beyond measure, to have us poor deluded swains shootings one an other’s heads off for their sakes. Yes, it wood please them too well – guess I shant do it. And it would detract from the dignity of us ‘Lords of Creation to fight about women. How does Jennie look now? What sort of a girl is she? I do not know her. As much as I have seen her and as much as I have been in her company, I am not well acquainted with her. I was not aware that Thomas did not take a share that boat, as he contemplated doing. I have not heard from him in some time – in a long time. I will write to him and see how he is getting along. I have not seen Frank for three weeks, but heard from him a few days ago. He was well.

With love, Mollie, Goodbye. Write me often.

Affectionately Johnie.
Lieut Battery “M” 1st Ill. Artillery
4 Army Corps Dept. Cumberland

Iowa Collections Emergency Response Team Training

Thursday, August 21, 2014

Selecting tools for trunk kitYesterday twenty-five individuals from around Iowa gathered at the Camp Dodge Gold Star Military Museum in Johnston to begin training as a member of the Iowa Collections Emergency Response Team (Iowa CERT). Many of Iowa’s documentary collections are scattered in museums and libraries throughout the state. These diverse collections together form an invaluable statewide historical resource. Small institutions in particular often do not have the staff or financial capacity to respond appropriately when the collections are threatened. This training will build a network of experts throughout the state who can respond quickly to emergencies of different sizes and types. The assembled team is comprised of geographically-distributed staff from libraries, museums, archives, and other collecting institutions. The training is partially funded by an Historical Resource Development Program grant awarded to the Iowa Preservation and Conservation Consortium (ICPC). Training is coordinated by the University of Iowa Libraries staff, Nancy E Kraft, Brenna Campbell, and Elizabeth Stone.

First day of training concentrated on learning how to organize, plan, and respond to disaster. Each team member received a trunk tool kit with basic tools for responding to a disaster – hammers, screw drivers, pliers, caution tape, etc.

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ClinicalKey not working with Internet Explorer version 11

link to clinicalkeyClinicalKey currently works in any internet browser except Internet Explorer (IE) version 11.  Microsoft made a security upgrade in IE version 11, and they need to make a change before ClinicalKey will be fully functional again in version 11.


ClinicalKey works with any other browser and on mobile devices.  If you have trouble accessing ClinicalKey, please give us a call at 319-335-9151.

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I feel anxious about you and hope you keep right well

Joseph Culver Letter, August 20, 1864, Letter 2, Page 1My Dear Mary,

Your letter was received a day or two before we left home and as it was commencement week and I had a house full of visitors I could not reply before we left. We were gone six weeks and moving about so constantly that I did not have any time to write then, so you must please pardon the delay. I feel anxious about you and hope you keep right well- We had a very pleasant vacation so far. There has been a great deal of commotion & excitement herebut we escaped it There are but few houses in town which has carpet on the floors, all are sent off. There is a rumor again afloat of a return of the raiders yet I hope it is not correct I am so sick of it all. The burning of Chambersburg just 30 miles above fills us with much more dread. I often wish I was farther north- We are all fairly well my baby is rather more troublesome than usual particularly at night which makes me feel weary He still [grows?] and says papa & mamma quite distinctly I still have plenty of nourishment for him and hope he will live I try to leave him in God’s hands He will do all things well.

Mrs. Green who was visiting next door when you were here and who thought so much of your little angel boy was here this week again she said she felt so badly to hear of his death it affected her so much as if she had a claim on him She says she never loved a child as she did him I do hope it will be Gods will to give you another one to fill the void. Anna Good was in this week she looks quite motherly she expects to be confined in Oct.

Mollie (Wes’s wife) is progressing too but I do not know her time. She will not admit it and I should not be suprised she was in her sixth month [Bessie?] has not named her boy yet I dont know what she is waiting on The friends are all well or were a day or two ago I want to visit among them all next week if I can. The farms are to be sold on Thursday of next week . Mr [Penny?] of California a brother of James’ wife was here this week. He gave us the the particulars of James death He was very unwilling to die and hoped to get well until a half hour before he died. I want to write some in Harrys letter to Joe so you must please pardon brevity Write very soon or if you are not able get some one to tell us how you get along I pray that all may be well You are in Gods hands in much love I am

Ever your sister

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I just finished a letter to Frank and having some time to spare I thought I might drop you a line

Joseph Culver Letter, August 20, 1864, Page 1Carlisle Aug 20th 1864
Dear Mary,

I just finished a letter to Frank and having some time to spare I thought I might drop you a line. A year ago you were with us and though you remained but a short time yet long enough to endear you to us and lead us to feel that you were indeed our sister. I wish it had been possible for you to have paid us another visit this Fall with Frank, but God has ordered it otherwise and we must with cheerfulness submit. I hope you are right well and are enabled to commit your husband fully into the hands of God, and with sweet, childlike faith are trusting Him with your future. I do not think it possible to be happy unless we have unwavering faith in God. I know you must at times feel sad even while resting all on God, especially when you hear of another attack at Atlanta. I rejoice that you know the place of refuge, “the blood bought mercy seat”, I do hope & pray that all may be well and that all your loved ones may be returned to you in safety.

It has been very dry and our little graves have suffered, we had them filled up and sodded around the sides and planted flowers on the top but every flower had died, we also sowed the lot with grass seed but not a spire came up. As soon as it rains I will sow it again with grass seed and plant a rose bush on each grave. I think of having it enclosed for the present with a neat wooden railing. Our little ones are angels now and possibly are sent on Missions of Mercy to us, let us thank God that we have such strong ties to bind us to our home above and strive to be ever ready to join them there.

I think you need not build on a visit from Mother and Hanna this Fall, it was simply talk. If the war is successfully closed which I hope it soon may be, we hope to pay you a visit, but when we will have to leave to be decided in the future. Jennie is right well and will finish this letter. Marvin has two teeth and two more will soon be through, with the exception of fretfulness caused by this he is right well. My health is very good. We expect to open School on the 1st of September if the Rebels do not pay us another visit. Now sister be as happy as you can, dont afflict yourself with what may possibly happen in the future, but thank God for the past and take courage. May the peace of God fill your Soul,

Your Brother
Harry. C.C.

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Interlibrary Loan and Document Delivery Services

Our interlibrary loan department delivers thousands of books and journal articles to patrons each year at no cost. Last year, our interlibrary loan staff borrowed over 6,000 items on behalf of our patrons and lent over 12,000 items from our collection to other libraries!

Services also include document delivery, we’ll locate items in our collection, such as journal articles or book chapters, and scan and deliver the content to you electronically. This is a popular service; our staff delivered over 5,000 items through document delivery last year.

To place a request or get more information, please visit our site at:

All interlibrary loan and document delivery services are free to our students, faculty and staff.

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Plant-Based Foods – An Inclusive PubMed Search

By Eric Rumsey and Janna Lawrence

In our earlier article on searching for plant-based foods (PBF) in PubMed, we suggested that a quick way to search the subject is to combine the MeSH Plants explosion AND our Food-Diet-Nutrition (FDN) hedge. This works quite well, especially for citations after 2002. In that year the Plants explosion was greatly expanded by the addition of several hundred new MeSH plant names. Before that, articles on specific plants were indexed inconsistently. Sometimes they were put under the plant family name, in which case they were included in the Plants explosion, and in other cases they were indexed under other terms like Vegetables, Fruit, or Plants, Edible, that are not in the Plants explosion.

In order to do the most inclusive search for plant-based foods, including citations before 2002, we have created two hedges, to be used for all the years in PubMed. These hedges include other MeSH terms and text-words, to supplement the plant-name search strategy that works well after 2002. We have done fairly thorough testing of the two hedges, and we recommend the first hedge for most searches. It uses MeSH terms, and it emphasizes “precision,” which means that it gets somewhat fewer citations, but the citations are more likely to be on target. For both of the hedges, we’ve combined them in an OR search with the simple “Plants AND FDN” hedge search mentioned above.

Here’s the first hedge, with the newly added terms in boldface:

(Vegetables [mesh] OR Fruit [mesh] OR Cereals [mesh] OR Plants, Edible [mesh] OR Soybeans [mesh] OR Dietary Fiber [mesh] OR Flour [mesh] OR Bread [mesh] OR Diet, Vegetarian [mesh] OR Nuts [mesh] OR Condiments [mesh] OR Vegetable Proteins [mesh]) OR (Plants [mesh] AND (food OR foods OR beverages OR diet OR dietary OR vitamin OR vitamins OR nutrition OR nutritional OR nutrition disorders OR food industry OR nutritional physiological phenomena OR dietary fats OR dietary proteins OR feeding behavior))

[Number of citations, 8.19.14 - 265,126]

To use this search, click this link. You can also copy the text above and paste it into the PubMed search box. If you have a personal “My NCBI” account in PubMed, the hedge search can be saved for later use, or it can be made into a search filter. For information on setting up and using saved searches, see here; for more information on filters, see here.

Commentary on terms in this hedge (If the “Year introduced” is not given, the term has been in MeSH since its launch in 1966):

  • Vegetables [mesh]
    Citations: 84411
    An explosion that includes about 25 specific vegetables, including Onions, Soybeans, Daucus carota, and Solanum tuberosum. This is a relatively small proportion of all vegetables, which are indexed with their species or family name, in the Plants explosion.
  • Fruit [mesh]
    Citations: 57179
    Notably, this is NOT an explosion. All particular fruit types are indexed with their species or family name, in the Plants explosion.
  • Cereals [mesh]
    Citations: 73516
    An explosion that includes 8 cereals, including Avena sativa, Triticum and Zea mays. This is an important group, since it includes the world’s staple foods–wheat, rice, and corn.
  • Plants, Edible [mesh]
    Citations: 38945
    An explosion that includes several terms elsewhere in this hedge that get more citations when they’re searched separately. The term Plants, Edible by itself gets 5402 citations.
  • Soybeans [mesh]
    Year introduced: 1986
    Citations: 19284
    An explosion that includes Soy Foods, Soy Milk, and Soybean Proteins.
  • Dietary Fiber [mesh]
    Year introduced: 1982(1977)
    Citations: 13468
  • Flour [mesh]
    Citations: 3570
  • Bread [mesh]
    Citations: 3115
  • Diet, Vegetarian [mesh]
    Year introduced: 2003(1963)
    Citations: 2537
  • Nuts [mesh]
    Citations: 2074
  • Condiments [mesh]
    Citations: 1945
    An explosion that includes Spices.
  • Vegetable Proteins [mesh]
    Year introduced: 1975
    Citations: 1515

Here’s the second hedge, with the newly added terms in boldface:

(fruit OR fruits OR vegetable OR vegetables OR cereal OR cereals OR spices OR condiments OR flour OR nut OR nuts OR vegetarian OR soy OR soybean OR soybeans OR bread) OR (Plants [mesh] AND (food OR foods OR beverages OR diet OR dietary OR vitamin OR vitamins OR nutrition OR nutritional OR nutrition disorders OR food industry OR nutritional physiological phenomena OR dietary fats OR dietary proteins OR feeding behavior))

[Number of citations, 8.19.14 - 332,351]

To use this search, click this link, or see instructions above with first hedge.

Most of the words used in this hedge are text-word versions of the MeSH terms used in the first hedge. Since this emphasizes “recall” instead of “precision,” it gets more citations than the first hedge. But the citations are less likely to be relevant. We looked closely at citations using the two hedges, and it was easy to see the lesser relevancy of the citations in the second hedge. Most of these, of course, are retrieved because they mention words that are in the abstract (e.g. fruit, vegetables) but which are not assigned as MeSH terms.

A word about searching for older citations

When we first realized that most of the plant name MeSH terms were only introduced in 2002, it seemed like a serious problem. However, as we’ve looked back retrospectively, we’ve come to see that there really wasn’t much research attention given to the subject in the earlier days of MEDLINE, especially before about 1990.

We’ve done detailed work to study this, but in this article we’ll just give a couple of anecdotal examples of what we’ve found. We looked at the number of citations that contain the word “fruit” since 1968, and found that this stayed flat, at about 400 mentions per year, until about 1990. It’s grown fast since then, and in 2013, the word is in about 8000 citations. In another example, we found that there are 70 articles in all of PubMed that have “sweet potato” in the title, and are on human subjects. All but three of these are after 1992; zero citations from 1980-1992 contain the words in the title. So, if it seems like the hedges in this article aren’t finding many citations before 1990, it’s probably because there just aren’t many to be found.

Things improve in the 1990s. It appears, from our retrospective examination of citations on FDN, that as the volume of research on the subject increased, NLM gradually improved the quality of MeSH indexing to accommodate it. The coverage of more prominent plant families improved, and the application of existing FDN MeSH terms became more consistent. So in the 1990s, even before the mass introduction of new MeSH plant terms in 2002, FDN indexing and retrieval was improving.

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It is just one week since I recd. a letter from you and just at this time it has seemed almost a month

Joseph Culver Letter, August 18, 1864, Page 1

Head Quarters Co. “A” 129th Regt., Ills. Vols.
In the Field Near Atlanta, Georgia
August 18th 1864
My Dear Wife

It is just one week since I recd. a letter from you and just at this time it has seemed almost a month. Our communication has been interrupted, but we are informed that our mail came to-night and we will receive it in the morning. Hoping also that mail may go North to-morrow, I have been induced to write to-night.

We are enjoying most excellent health for which we have great reason to be thankful, and all the troops are in good spirits. We have had two weeks rest & feel like some new men, as we have for the past week been very comfortably situated. All we could desire might be a little

more liberty, for, being continually on the front line and directly under fire from the Enemy’s forts and sharpshooters, we are compelled to keep close under cover. The loss in our Regt. since Sunday has been very slight; I think not exceeding four or five wounded. In the Brigade several have been killed and wounded, but, taking into consideration our close proximity to the Enemy’s fortifications, it seems miraculous that our loss has not been greater. Capt. Allen of the 105th Ills. had his right arm fractured last night by a musket ball. I do not recollect whether you were acquainted with him or not. Lt. Smith is getting along much better than he anticipated but would have been much better off at home for another month at least. He was on picket two days ago and was none the worse for it, he says. Lt. Burton was here yesterday; he says Bro. John is well and has been mustered as Lt. They have not heard from Bro. Sammy yet, but I presume he has written home ere this. Cris. is writing to Mrs. Hill to-night. All the Company are well.

Alf was up to see us last night; he is growing so large and fleshy that you would scarcely know him. He has just completed a very fine set of Maps of the Country from Chickamauga here for the War Department. He is rising rapidly and becoming quite famous. I hoped to get some more sketches for you, but he has been too busy for the past three weeks.

Genl. Sherman played off a rather serious joke upon the Johnies last night. Orders were given for the whole left wing of our Army to be ready to fall back to the river last night. Early in the day a Brigade was sent out to march over a hill in the rear of the 4th Corps, &, returning through a ravine, they kept moving over the hill in full view of the Enemy toward the left & returning until Johnie seemed convinced that we were evacuating. Shortly after dark, all the caissons of the Artillery and trains were sent out toward the river, and, to all appearances, the whole Army was in motion. The Enemy, who had been very happy and cheering all afternoon, commenced massing their forces in front of us intending doubtless to demolish the whole Yankee Army in their retreat, but about midnight the right of the 14th and all of the 23rd Corps moved out, took possession of the Macon Rail-Road, and fortified before “Johnie” found out how badly he was fooled and without the loss of a man to us.

At about 3 o’clock this morning, the skirmishers and forts on our front and left opened, but no reply was made until almost daylight when almost all the Artillery on our line opened & kept a steady fire till noon. The fort directly in our front is very much injured. Hood moved his Army again to our right and has been charging all afternoon endeavoring to regain the rail-road. We have heard the artillery & musketry, though 5 or 6 miles distant, and, judging from the sound, there must have been [a] terrific battle there. We hear indirectly to-night that our Army still holds its position and that the slaughter of the Enemy has been terrible.

Still other news reach[es] us of Genl. Kilpatrick who was not captured as supposed. Our Pontoon train left here last night to assist him to cross the river, and, more glorious still, the advance of Genl. Smith’s Army is coming up. If all of this news be true, we are most favorably situated. We cannot expect the Enemy to fall back without one more desperate effort to break our lines, but unless surprised we feel fully able to hold them in check. We feel very sanguine of success, but God alone can foreknow the result.

Last night was most beautiful. The moon was shining brightly, and everything in nature seemed happy and evidenced the highest praise to Our Creator. I was very forcibly reminded of those days of quiet and unalloyed happiness we enjoyed “3 years ago.” There was very little firing in the skirmish line, and in imagination I could readily trace back through the past few years and fancy myself at “the Old House at Home” with Mary “by my side,” and, when the illusion was dispelled, I tried by singing the songs we so often sang together to continue the “spell.” “Beautiful Star,” “Mother Dear, Oh, pray for me,” &c. We lay at arms until a late hour as we heard the enemy moving and anticipated an attack. I have not often indulged in such “fancy dreams,” for invariably the booming of the cannon or the roll of musketry would arouse me from my reveries and present the realities of the present.

I hope God is dealing most kindly with you. My hopes, which have been so strangely bright all through this Campaign, are still unchanged, that “God who doeth all things well” and who has been so bounteous in blessings to us is still caring for you. Let our hearts praise him. But I must close for to-night with a hope of hearing from you early in the morning.

Give my love to Mother and Maggie & Remember me kindly to all our friends. May Our Father in Heaven sustain you in all your trials and your fondest anticipation be realized. To Him we will commit ourselves, trusting that he will keep us by Grace Divine through life and bring us to “Sweet rest in Heaven” through Christ.

Your affectionate Husband
J. F. Culver

P.S. The tobacco you sent is the best I have had since I left home. Please accept my thanks.

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Happenings in the Engineering Library

The Lichtenberger Engineering Library has made a lot of changes over the summer!


Check to see what we’ve all been up to:

1.            New Tools

2.            New Study Rooms

3.            WISE Collection

4.            Library Xpress Classes

5.            New Resources (Engineering Case Studies Online, Standards, Synthesis Lectures, New DVDs)

6.            Refworks Discontinued

7.            Course Reserves

8.            Instruction & Research Support




  1.                New Tools


With support from the Engineering Electronics Shop & Engineering Computer Services, the Library has added 24 new tools to the Tool Library!


The Tool Library now has eyeball webcams, microphones, and 2 LabQuest data devices with 19 accessories are available for check out.   The LabQuest with the available accessories can be used for collecting and analyzing data in experiments and other hands-on projects.   For a complete list of all tools, as well as descriptions and links to user manuals, click on the Tool Library at . Tools are arranged by category and, unless noted otherwise, can circulate for 1 week.




2.            New Study Rooms


The Library now has 2 group study rooms!  Both rooms feature whiteboard walls and one features a media:scape system.  For more information and reservation policies, check out the following link:




3.            WISE Collection


The Library has received a generous donation from Women in Science and Engineering, check out all the new resources that have been added at:




4.            Library Xpress Classes


This semester we are adding a few new classes to the Library Xpress Series.  All sessions are open to all and will be on Wednesdays at 2:30 PM.  More information at:


Series Schedule:

September 3rd  “Web of Science”—-Sara Scheib, 30 min

September 10th  “Endnote Basic” —Steve Ostrem, 30 min

September 17th  “Scifinder”—-Sara Scheib, 30 min

September 24th  “Company Information”—-Kim Bloedel, 30 min

October 1st  “Pubmed”—-Shane Wallace, 15 min

October 8th, “Patents”—– Kari Kozak, 15 min

October 15th, “Protein Database”—Christopher Childs, 15 min

October 22nd, “Compendex”—-Kari Kozak, 15 min

October 29th, “Standards”—-Kari Kozak, 15 min

November 5, “IEEE Xplore”—Kari Kozak, 15 min

November 12th, “Open Access”—Karen Fischer, 30 min

November 19th “Keeping up with your research”—-Kari Kozak, 15 min




5.            New Resources


Engineering Case Studies Online (

Engineering Case Studies Online is a multi-media database chronicling the field’s most noteworthy failures, such as the Chernobyl Disaster, Ford Pinto Controversy, Apollo 13 and more. Designed to meet classroom and research needs across a range of engineering disciplines—such as aerospace, mechanical, nuclear, and civil—the collection brings together nuanced information about complex case studies into one database. It aims to incorporate diverse perspectives and materials, presented in a balanced way, to enable through analysis. Pulling together 250 hours of video and 50,000 pages of full-text material upon completion, the collected materials include video documentaries and primary footage, audio transcripts and witness testimony; images, maps, accident reports, blueprints, and other key archival content, monographs and articles, as well as timelines and simulations.


More Standards

The library has add many new standards to the standards database, TechStreet (, as well as adding the standards produced by ASCE ( For more information on these standards and all other available visit:


Synthesis Lecture Series in Biomedical Engineering and General Engineering, Technology, and Mathematics Collections

Synthesis Lecture Series in Biomedical Engineering( ) is comprised of 75- to 150-page publications on advanced and state-of-the-art topics that span the field of biomedical engineering, from the atom and molecule to large diagnostic equipment. Each lecture covers, for that topic, the fundamental principles in a unified manner, develops underlying concepts needed for sequential material, and progresses to more advanced topics.
General Engineering, Technology, and Mathematics Collections 1,2, and 3 ( are comprised of 90 Synthesis lectures from series in Energy and the Environment, General Engineering, and Electrical Engineering, Engineers, Technology, & Society, Global Engineering, and Mathematics & Statistics


More DVDs

Over the last year, we’ve add a variety of new DVDs to the Library.  Series include: Mythbusters, Junkyard Wars, How it’s Made, Extreme Engineering, etc.




6.            RefWorks Discontinued


Starting January 1, 2015 RefWorks and Write-N-Cite will no longer be available for free from the UI Libraries. We recommend current RefWorks users transfer their citations to another citation management program well in advance of December 31, 2014.  EndNote Basic (for undergraduates) and EndNote Desktop (for faculty, staff, graduate and professional students) are available for free through the UI Libraries.


Anyone who wishes to stay with RefWorks will need to purchase an individual subscription before December 31, 2014. You can then back-up and restore your references to your new account.



7.            Course Reserves


Course Reserves are going up for the Fall Semester.  If you have not already done so and have items to put on reserve for the Fall Semester, please email the Engineering Library at with a list of the materials and course number.  The lists may also be brought to the Library or put into the Engineering Library’s mailbox.




8.            Instruction & Research Support


Kari is available to provide short or class length demonstrations on a wide variety of library resources and services to students, faculty, and/or staff.  This could range from an overview of the library and services to in-depth researching strategies.  Sessions can be to individuals, small groups, lab groups, or classes. Topics that can be covered include: evaluating information, standards, patents, citations as well as Endnote or other citation software.

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