Art Library CLOSED

With the closure of Art Building West (ABW) due to possible flooding, the Art Library will be closing at 3:00 p.m. on July 2 until further notice.

  • Materials on Reserve will be placed at Main Library Reserve.
  • Materials currently on hold at the Art Library will be at the Service Desk in the Main Library.
  • Materials may be returned to the Main Library.
  • Please use Interlibrary Loan for all needed materials (library staff will not have access to ABW).

Notes from the John Martin Rare Book Room, July 2014: Nathaniel Highmore

Nathaniel Highmore (1613-1685)

Corporis Humani Disquisitio Anatomica

The Hague: Ex oficina Samuelis Brown, 1651.

[Image via Fisher Library Digital Collections, University of Toronto].

Nathaniel Highmore of Dorset, England was a British surgeon known for his 1651 treatise on anatomy, the first of its kind to give an accurate account of the circulatory system. Highmore studied at Oxford beginning in 1631, after which he practiced at Sherborne in Dorset. Corporis, the best-known of his several works, is divided into three sections corresponding to the abdomen, thorax, and head. Although the plates, drawn in the style of Vesalius, echo those of an earlier period, Highmore was responsible for a number of important advances. The most noteworthy of these are his descriptions of the sinus maxillaris (the largest nasal cavity, then known as the antrum of Highmore) and the mediastinum testes (the septum dividing the scrotum, or Highmore’s body).

To learn more about medical history, visit the John Martin Rare Book Room website.

Get to know Curator Donna Hirst at Iowa Now.


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Sergt. Jim Morrow arrived this morning bringing your letter of the 17th

Joseph Culver Letter, July 1, 1864, Page 1

Hd. Qurs. Co. “A” 129th Regt. Ills. Vols. Inftry.
In the Field Near Marietta, Ga. July 1st 1864
My Dear Wife

Sergt. Jim Morrow arrived this morning bringing your letter of the 17th June and the box of cherries, the latter were all rotten. I am most happy to learn that your health is good. I gave Saml. McGooden his sister’s letter, but have had no opportunity to send to Bro. John [Murphy]. There is a soldier here visiting belonging to the 44th Ills., and I will try & get him to carry the letter & will also send a note by him.1

The weather is clear and very warm. I am reaping the result of my promotion by acting “Brig. Off. of the Day.”2 I will try and write to Hill’s S. School soon, & will do so to-day if I get time. We are drawing clothing to-day. I have not had a chance to talk with Jim [Morrow] yet, so many have been gathered around him gleaning news of Home that I did not wish to disturb him, much as I wish to learn all that he knows.

The men are all gathered around and talking so much that it is difficult to write. We have been on the rear line of fortifications for two days past but will probably be put in front to-night.3 Col. Ben Harrison is again in command of the Brig. & Jim Mitchell is A.A.A.G.4 The latter is rapidly improving in health but will probably never be quite well.

Chaplain Cotten has just passed around with some papers and tracts of which I got several. He has been quite ill for several days but is still able to be around. Harry McDowell has been sent to the Hospital sick with the fever; I think he will be around in a few days. My health is quite good for which I have every reason to be thankful.

We had a very excellent prayer-meeting last night and also two evenings ago. The boys are all very prompt in attendance, & I hope are striving earnestly to be Christians.

There has been no news of importance since I last wrote. We hear very little that is reliable, except what we get from the papers, all of which you have before it reaches [us]. Our losses in the series of charges made on last Monday & Tuesday will reach over 2,000.5 We are still slowly but surely gaining ground. I have not heard from Allen Fellows since he left. I recd. a letter from Henry Greenebaum by Jim this morning. Saml. McGooden is well. Mrs. Baird and Mrs. Fitch have been on a visit to Lieut. Smith and have written that he is slowly improving.

I must make the round of the skirmish lines & must close. I recd. the stamps. Give my love to all. May Our Father in Heaven bless and preserve you. Good bye.

Your Affect. Husband
J. F. Culver

  1. The 44th Illinois Infantry was assigned to the IV Corps division commanded by Brig. Gen. John Newton, the unit to which Company M, 1st Illinois Light Artillery, was attached. O.R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXII, pt. III, pp. 551-552.
  2. J.F.C. had been notified that he had been promoted to captain of Company A, 129th Illinois, to rank from Feb. 24, 1864, the date of Captain Hoskins’ promotion to major. Compiled Service Records of Union Soldiers, NA.
  3. The 3d Brigade (Wood’s) on June 29 had relieved the 1st Brigade (Ward’s) in the advance line of rifle pits north of the Powder Springs road. O.R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII, pt. II, p. 440.
  4. General Butterfield on June 29 had received a leave to return to his home in New York and General Ward had assumed command of the Third Division, XX Army Corps. Colonel Harrison as senior colonel had resumed command of the 1st Brigade. Ibid., p. 326.
  5. Union casualties in the June 27 assaults on the Kennesaw Mountain line were 1,999 killed and wounded and 52 missing, while the Confederates lost about 500, of whom 270 were killed or wounded. Long, The Civil War Day by Day, p. 529.
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Yours of 21st inst. to Sammy containing love and logwood arrived yesterday

Joseph Culver Letter, June 29, 1864, Page 1Camp near Marietta Ga.
29th June 1864.
My Dear Sister Mollie:

Yours of 21st inst. to Sammy containing love & logwood arrived yesterday evening. Though brief it was very welcome. It’s the first from home in many weeks. Sammy does not need the logwood, having recovered entirely but he can keep it for future use. He is apparently as hearty as ever. I feel “kinder sick like” this morning. Since breakfast, I haven’t had a bit of appetite. Guess the “Spring fever”, so prevalent these warmer days, is “seizing of me.” I wish you would send me a little loaf sugar or orange [peeling?] might cure me. Simptoms in my case are very peculiar. Befor dinner I have a sort of “[gornness?]” in the front part of my waist; and this gives place after dinner, to loss of appetite. In the language of the poet “tis passing strange”. I’m afraid my ailment will become serious if “hardtack” gets scarce. But we must all be resigned. We have been resting for three days past. We are now lying in woods where it is nice and Shady. As soon as I get through writing I shall lie down beneath my own vine and fig tree, there being no rebs around to make me affraid, and sleep peacefully and dream sweetly till dinnertime.

I wrote to mother on the [?] and inclosed her a “V” for garden outlay. Let me know if she had riceived it. I’ve not seen Frank for several weeks. I met James Donaldson day before yesterday. The enemy is making a stout resistance here, but he will leave this position before the close of this week. Mollie, what’s the news up town and around about the country? Who has been getting married, and who has been “bornd.” Write me soon and give me lots of news.

Affectionately your Brother
W.J. Murphy
Battery “M” 1st Ill Arty
2d Div 4 AC
Chattanooga Tenn

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I am a little disappointed in not having heard from you

Joseph Culver Letter, June 28, 1864, Page 1

Hd. Qurs. Co. “A” 129th Regt. Ills. Vols.
In the Field Near Marietta, Ga.
June 28th 1864
My Dear Wife

I am a little disappointed in not having heard from you by yesterday’s mail. Some were recd. from Pontiac of as late a date as the 21st. I presume, however, mine has been sent by Sergt. Jim Morrow, and he has not yet arrived.

The weather is excessively warm, but we are all in good health for which all thanks to a kind Providence. There has been some hard fighting in which only one Division of our Corps was engaged, also one Div. of the 4th and one Div. of the 14th Corps.1 The last two Divisions were repulsed, but the 2nd Div. [Geary's] of our Corps held its ground with a very small loss. The loss in the Divisions of the 4th & 14th Corps was somewhat heavier.2 The ground over which they charged was very much against us. There has been very heavy cannonading for the greater part of two days which must have punished the Enemy severely.

We leave here to-night or in the morning for some new point.3 Where our destination will be, we do not know definitely, but we can form a very good idea. I hope therefore that we may get mail this evening, as we will in all probability have no opportunity for several days to get mail.

The 13th and 19th Corps have arrived and are in position.4 Every one is in high hopes. Our trust is all in God; truth and justice must prevail. The news from the Potomac Army is good, & we look for a glorious victory there in a few weeks.5 Let us still trust in God. He will bring us off more than conquerors through Christ our Lord.

I have not heard from Bro. John or Sammy since about the 10th inst. I am told the 4th and 14th Corps go with us, & I hope it is true. Chris [Yetter] is writing to Thos. Hill, & Nate [Hill] is intending to write when I get done. We have built very strong fortifications here & would be very well satisfied if the enemy would undertake to break through our lines here, but that is very improbable.

Subscribe for the Chicago Tribune for me & have it sent along as soon as possible. The Semi-weekly will answer. I have not recd. any copies of the “Sentinel” for some time, please inquire about it. Lt. Smith subscribed for the New York semi-weekly Tribune which I now receive regularly. I hope he is mending rapidly. Alf Huetson was here this afternoon; he is well. Harry McDowell is also well, and all your acquaintances as far as I know. There is a prospect of dry weather now, & we anticipate very warm weather.

I should like very much to spend the 4th in Pontiac. I hope you may have a happy time. Give my love to Mother and Maggie. Kiss the children for me. Remember me kindly to all our friends. “Continue instant in prayer,” and exercise unbounded Faith in Christ. “All things work to-gether for Good to those who trust in God.” May the riches of his Grace rest upon your heart and his blessings be abundantly bestowed upon you. Write often.

Your Affectionate Husband
J. F. Culver

  1. Frustrated in his efforts to flank Johnston’s Army of Tennessee out of its Kennesaw Mountain line, General Sherman at 8 A.M. on June 27 made a frontal assault. McPherson’s army on the left advanced against the breastworks on Little Kennesaw and Pigeon Hill defended by Loring’s corps; Newton’s division of Howard’s corps and Davis’ of Palmer’s corps assailed the rifle-pits held by Hardee’s corps on Cheatham Hill; Geary’s division of Hooker’s corps advanced on Palmer’s right; and units of Schofield’s army crossed Olley Creek and rolled up the Confederate cavalry screening Hood’s left. McPherson’s, Howard’s and Palmer’s bluecoats, although they drove in the Confederate pickets, were unable to cross the breastworks and were driven back with heavy losses. Cox, Atlanta, pp. 116-127.
  2. Geary’s division, advancing in support of Palmer’s corps on its left, routed the Rebels from a line of rifle pits. To hold these gains, breastworks were erected and artillery advanced. O.R., Ser. I, vol. XXXVIII, pt. II, p. 134.
  3. On the 26th the 1st Brigade, including the 129th Illinois, had relieved Coburn’s brigade in the advance rifle pits, north of the Powder Springs road. There was no truth to the eport that the XX Corps was going to “leave here to-night or in the morning for some new point.” Ibid., pp. 326, 387, 440.
  4. The story that Sherman’s “army group” had been reinforced by the XIII and XIX Corps was a wild rumor. The XIII Corps, currently assigned to the Department of the Gulf, was serving in Louisiana, and the XIX Corps was being transferred from New Orleans to Washington, D.C., by ship.
  5. The Armies of the Potomac and the James had been checkmated in front of Petersburg. In the fourth week of June, the Army of the Potomac suffered a reverse in the battle of the Jerusalem Plank road.
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How to Determine Your Scholarly Impact: Learn HOW

Hardin Open Workshops is offering a hands-on class to teach participants how to use tools such as Ulrich’s, Journal Citation Reports, Web of Science, and Scopus to determine the impact that journals, articles, and authors have had on a particular field. Topics such as impact factors, Eigenfactors, and H-indices will also be discussed. HOW workshops are hands-on and free for UI students and affiliates and there will be time for questions at the end.

Our next session is:

Tuesday, July 1, 10:30-11:30 am

Location: Hardin Library EAST Information Commons classroom

Register here. For more information, contact our library staff at (319) 335-9151 or by email at

[Image via]


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Summer Reading: It looked Good on Paper

It Looked Good On Paper (Book Cover)It Looked Good on Paper: Bizarre Inventions, Design Disasters, and Engineering Follies

Edited by Bill Fawcett
New York : Harper, c2009

Engineering TA174 .I83 2009

It Looked Good on Paper is a remarkable compendium of wild schemes, mad plans, crazy inventions, and truly glorious disasters. Every phenomenally bad idea seemed like a good idea to someone.  How else can you explain the Ford Edsel or the sword pistol—absolutely absurd creations that should have never made it off the drawing board? It Looked Good on Paper gathers together the most flawed plans, half-baked ideas, and downright ridiculous machines throughout history that some second-rate Einstein decided to foist on an unsuspecting populace with the best and most optimistic intentions. Some failed spectacularly. Others fizzled after great expense. One even crashed on Mars. But every one of them at one time must have looked good on paper, including:

  • The lead water pipes of Rome
  • The Tacoma Narrows Bridge—built to collapse
  • The Hubble telescope—the $2 billion scientific marvel that couldn’t see
  • The Spruce Goose—Howard Hughes’s airborne atrocity: big, expensive, slow, unstable, and made of wood
  • With more than thirty-five chapters full of incredibly insipid inventions, both infamous and obscure, It Looked Good on Paper is a mind-boggling, endlessly entertaining collection of fascinating failures.

Bill Fawcett is the author and editor of more than a dozen books, including You Did What?  It Seemed Like a Good Idea . . . How to Lose a Battle, and You Said What? He lives in Illinois.

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MeSH on Demand Tool Launched

The National Library of Medicine (NLM) recently launched a new tool called MeSH on Demand. Now, you can find MeSH terms from text you input! MeSH on Demand is available online in the MeSH Browser.

First, input up to 10,000 characters of text into MeSH on Demand, your text will be processed using the NLM Medical Text Indexer (MTI) program.

mesh on demand example

Then, MeSH on Demand will identify MeSH Headings, Publication Types, and Supplementary Concepts from your text.  Qualifiers (subheadings) are not identified.

mesh on demand results

MeSH terms are machine-generated without human review.  Results will be different from human-generated indexing.

The  NLM welcomes questions and comments about MeSH on Demand.  Fill out a contact form:








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We occupy the same position we have held for the past few days

Joseph Culver Letter, June 25, 1864, Page 1

Hd. Qurs. Co. “A” 129th Regt. Ills. Vols.
In the Field Near Marietta, Ga.
June 25th 1864
My Dear Wife

We occupy the same position we have held for the past few days. The weather is very warm, but by planting bushes in the ground we manage to keep in the shade & comparatively comfortable. The Enemy’s balls still keep flying over our heads, at times quite close to us. No one has been injured since yesterday morning, & only one in our Regt. since we came here.1

We are all in good health with plenty to eat for which we have every reason to be thankful. This Campaign is becoming very tiresome, & all would be glad for a short respite in which to rest. It is now almost 60 days since we left Wauhatchie, &, during that time, it has been almost one incessant roll of musketry & cannonading. Though tired we are still determined to carry out as near as possible the original intention of the Campaign.2 We have heard heavy cannonading in the direction of Kenesaw mountains all morning.3 With what result we cannot tell.

We have no late news from Grant’s Army, except that they were rapidly crossing James River.4 Of course, none can tell the final result of all our efforts, but, trusting in God, all will be well. If I could see anything but misery in any other than a complete victory to our arms, I might doubt the intentions of Our Father. I therefore feel Satisfied that he will not sacrifice this great nation & people without the accomplishment of some great design. Victory must then be ours, & while we wish no evil to our erring enemy, yet we pray God that their eyes may be opened & that right and truth may prevail.

We have been looking for Jim Morrow for several days, but he has not yet arrived.5 Judd was back to Chattanooga & returned yesterday.6 The Rebs succeeded in destroying the R. R. Bridge near Tilton, but it was rebuilt & the trains running in 24 hours afterward.7 Green saw Sergt. Gaff this morning; he was well.

There is heavy skirmishing on our right, &, as we may have work to do here,8 I must close. I have not heard from Bros. John or Sammy for some time. Give my love to all. May the richest of Heaven’s blessings rest upon you. Trust ye in the Lord forever, for in the Lord Jehova is everlasting strength.

Your Affect. Husband
J. F. Culver

P.S. Nate [Hill] & Chris [Yetter] are well.

  1. On June 22d the division’s infantry was too far north of the Powder Springs road to participate in the repulse of Hood’s corps at Kolb’s Farm. During the night, Butterfield’s division was relieved by Stanley’s division of Howard’s corps and marched south, camping north of the Powder Springs road in the rear of Williams’ XX Corps division. Next morning the 2d Brigade (Coburn’s) was advanced and took position north of the road, within musket range of the foe’s breastworks, and entrenched. South of the road was a line of works occupied by the XXIII Corps. The 129th Illinois, along with other units of the 1st Brigade, was posted in support of Coburn’s soldiers. On June 24 a number of men from the 129th were sent forward to man the picket line, and one of them was killed. O. R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII, pt. II, pp. 326, 367, 382, 440; Grunert, History of the 129th Illinois, p. 78.
  2. The mission given Sherman’s “army group” by General Grant was the destruction of the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
  3. Big and Little Kennesaw Mountains were four miles north of the camp of the 129th Illinois, and during the day there was a “heavy cannonade from [a] Rebel battery on the mountain.” O. R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII, pt. IV, p. 594.
  4. Checkmated by General Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia at Cold Harbor, General Grant skillfully disengaged Meade’s Army of the Potomac. Stealing a march on Lee, the Army of the Potomac crossed the James River on a pontoon bridge. On June 15 the Army of the James, supported by one corps from the Army of the Potomac, attacked and captured a section of the fortifications guarding the eastern approaches to Petersburg. The Federals were unable to exploit this success, and the Confederates pulied back, dug in, and held.
  5. Sergeant Morrow had been sent to Illinois in February on recruiting duty. Regimental Papers, 129th Illinois, NA.
  6. Curtis J. Judd, a 24-year-old clerk, was mustered into service on Sept. 8, 1862, as a private in Company B, 129th Illinois Infantry, and was detached as the colonel’s clerk even days later. Judd was promoted regimental sergeant major on April 17, 1863. Sergeant Major Judd was mustered out near Washington, D.C., June 8, 1865. Compiled Service Records of Union Soldiers, NA.
  7. On the night of June 23, 300 Confederate horse-soldiers struck the Western & Atlantic Railroad near Dalton. One bridge was burned and a second heavily damaged by the raiders. O.R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII, pt. IV, p. 587.
  8. General Schofield’s troops, south of the Powder Springs road, sought to outflank Hood’s corps by extending their right. O.R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII, pt. II, p. 514.
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Since I last wrote, we have moved several miles to the right

Joseph Culver Letter, June 22, 1864, Page 1

Hd. Qurs. Co. “A” 129th Regt. Ills. Vols.
In the Field Near Marietta, Ga., June 22nd 1864
My Dear Wife

Yours of 11th, mailed 13th inst., came to hand yesterday.1 I am most happy to learn of your good health, may God ever preserve it. Since I last wrote, we have moved several miles to the right. The enemy evacuated their fortifications on Saturday night [the 18th], & on Sunday morning we commenced to move.2 It rained very hard, and the Streams became swollen so rapidly that it was difficult to pass them. We got into position amidst the rain about 4 P.M. and advanced our line. There was some little Skirmishing, but we moved up and fortified during the night. We had two seriously & two slightly wounded.3 It continued to rain through the night. On Monday evening [the 20th] we advanced the right of our Brig. & fortified, which occupied most of the night & a portion of the day yesterday.4 We have no news reliable from any portions of the army, but everything seems to move right though slowly. We are still gaining ground.

I have not seen or heard from Bros. John or Sammy for two weeks though they are not far from us.5 There has been considerable hard fighting around the lines, but none of it has fallen to our lot. My health has been excellent for which I feel that I have great reason to be thankful. The Lord who has been always so bountiful in blessings is still with us. May he keep our hearts from sin & fill us with Love Divine.

I am much obliged for the extracts from the papers. Our mails are not regular, but yet much more so than we could expect. The boys are all well. I am much obliged for the prospect you offer for Strawberries, & hope I may have the privilege to enjoy them with you. We get no fruit.

I presume [Lt.] Smith is enjoying himself. I should like very much to have attended the S.S. celebration at Peoria, yet I trust through the kind Providence of Our Father to attend many in time to come. Allen Fellows is still back at the Hospital with Dr. Johnson. Harry McDowell is wondering why Mr. Ladd’s family do not write. Chris [Yetter] & Nate [Hill] are well. The weather is much more pleasant this morning than it has been for several days. I am in hope of its clearing up for a few days, at least.

The Rebs have been throwing shells in the direction of our fortifications this morning, but all of them fall short. They will get the range, & we may find this a warm place before noon.6

I got my face poisoned night before last among the brush [poison ivy or oak], and my left eye is considerably swollen. It has commenced drying up & will soon be well.

We cannot see the close of this Campaign yet, but we will trust in God and fight on. He will rule all things well. Give my love to all the family. I have heard nothing from Carlisle yet; I cannot imagine why.

The Regt. on our right have just recd. orders to pack up ready to move.7 I presume we will move also in a few moments. Let us still trust in God, “He will keep us in perfect peace.” May our hearts be always ready for any change that may await us. God who has always cared for us will still be with us.

Good bye
Your Affect. Husband
J. F. Culver

  1. Mary Culver’s letter of June 11 is missing from the Culver Collection.
  2. Hardee’s Mud Creek line was subjected to heavy pressure on June 17-18. While Hooker threatened the front, Schofield gained the ridge between Mud and Noses Creeks, and Hardee was compelled to pull back his left. On Hardee’s right, where his Mud Creek line joined the breastworks held by Loring’s corps (formerly Polk’s), there was a salient angle enfiladed by artillery. General Johnston therefore abandoned his Mud Creek-Brush Mountain defenses and retired into the Kennesaw Mountain line. Big and Little Kennesaw Mountains were occupied by Loring’s corps, Hood’s held the high ground east of the Western & Atlantic Railroad, and Hardee’s corps was on the left, its right connecting with Loring’s on the Stilesboro road and its left entrenched on the high ground commanding a branch of Noses Creek. Cox, Atlanta, pp. 101-104.
  3. Butterfield’s division followed the Lost Mountain road as it advanced on the 19th. Ward’s brigade deployed south of the road, as it pressed ahead skirmishing with the Rebel rear guard. In the day’s fighting, Colonel Case’s horse, the one given him by the regiment, was wounded. O. R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII, pt. II, pp. 367, 385-386, 439; Grunert, Histon’ of the 129th Illinois, p. 76.
  4. Butterfield’s division, along with other units of Hooker’s corps, on the evening of the 20th shifted to the right, occupying positions on Kolb’s Farm near the Powder Springs road. Cox, Atlanta, pp. 106-109.
  5. Howard’s corps, to which Company M was attached, was the next corps to the left of Hooker’s.
  6. General Johnston on the night of June 21 shifted Hood’s corps from his right to the left. Hood’s people marched through Marietta and out the Powder Springs road. Forming is divisions near Zion Church, one mile northeast of Kolb’s Farm, Hood on the afternoon of the 22d advanced to attack Hooker’s and Schofield’s commands. The Powder Springs road separated Hooker’s right (Williams’ division) from Schofield’s left. Cox, Atlanta, pp. 108-109.
  7. Butterfield’s division was on Hooker’s left some distance from the Powder Springs road. To repulse Hood’s assault, Hooker called on Butterfield for reinforcements. O. R., Ser. I, Vol. XXXVIII, pt. II, pp. 387, 440.
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