Learn to measure scholarly impact (H-index, Impact Factors, Eigenfactor) with our free workshop

You will learn how to use tools such as Ulrichs, Journal Citation Reports, Web of Science, and Scopus to determine the impact factor that journals, articles, and authors have had on a particular field.

Impact factors, Eigenfactors, and H-indices will also be discussed.

This session will be held Wednesday, April 22, from 10-11am in East Information Commons, Hardin Library.


Learn to save your research citations and format your papers with EndNote Basic, Tues. April 21 – 10-11am

EndNote logoLearn how to use EndNote Basic at our free workshop on Tuesday, April 21.

EndNote Basic is a web-based citation management software available free to download.

EndNote Basic lets you import, organize and format citations for papers or articles.  You can format your citations in seven different styles, including MLA and APA.

The workshop will be held in East Information Commons, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences, from 10-11am.

Register online.



Learn how to find Standards : Guides and Regulations for building or evaluating resources @Hardin Tues. April 21, 3-4pm

Get an introduction to standards and specifications. Learn how to find a wide variety of standards including:

  • ASTM
  • ISO
  • ADA
  • NFPA (Fluid)
  • US Code of Federal Regulations

Learn to search our new database, TechStreet, to find these standards online and more.  Taught by Kari Kozak, Head, Lictenberger Engineering Library.

Tuesday, April 21

3-4pm, East Information Commons, 2nd Floor, Hardin Library for the Health Sciences.

This is a sad day in the army

Joseph Culver Letter, April 18, 1865, Page 1

Head Qurs. Co. “A” 129th Ills.
Raleigh, N. C, April 18th 1865
My Dear Wife

Since I last wrote to you from this place we have been laying quietly in camp awaiting the result of the interview between Genls. Sherman & Johnson.1 They met yesterday at Hillsboro, & Genl. Sherman left this morning for the same place. It is generally believed that Johnson has surrendered his army but the arrangements have not been completed yet.

This is a sad day in the army. The news reached us officially this morning of the assassination and death of President Lincoln.2 We heard it rumored yesterday but did not credit it. I never saw so much sadness manifested. The whole army is silent as the grave. Groups are gathered here & there discussing the sad event. I have heard only one sentiment expressed, & it seems to be universal throughout the army. Woe to the South if this Army is compelled to pass through it again. Woe to the Rebel Army that compels us to fight longer, & Woe to the copperheads of the North. You cannot imagine what deep hatred exists against the latter class.

The army expects to be mustered out next month. We all anticipate spending the 4th of July at “Home.” There is no possible escape of Johnson’s army, & the news of Forrest & Rhoddy’s capture have reached us.3 As Johnson has command of all the rebel armies in the South, we expect their Surrender to Sherman before these negotiations close.4

Yesterday the news would have been received with wild acclamations of joy, to-day there would be no outburst at all. We have a meeting of the Brigade at 6 o’clock this evening to pay due respect to the dead. May God be merciful to us in our great affliction.

The weather is beautiful. Our meetings continue, & God is doing a great work for us. There were 10 forward Sunday night & 9 last night & numerous conversions. Over 160 have joined the church. The attendance is very large. I preached last night from Mark 16 Chap. & 16th V., & God was pleased to bless me.

All are in good health. I saw Allen Fellows this morning, Bros. Gaff & Lee yesterday. All well. I cannot find my ink & Yetter is on Picket, so you must excuse the pencil this time. My heart is too sad to write much to-day. We have recd. no mail yet. I will write soon again if we do not move. We will not remain here long as it is too far from our base of supplies. We will either go North or South. Write often. Give my love to all. Kiss Howard for me. May God bless you with His richest blessings. I remain, Very affectionately,

Your husband
J. F. Culver

  1. General Sherman, on the evening of the 17th, notified General Grant that he had just returned from a meeting with General Johnston at the Bennett House, 27 miles from Raleigh. There had been a “full and frank interchange of opinions,” with Johnston endeavoring to make terms for surrender of all Confederate forces still in the field. But to do so, he would have to discuss the subject further with Secretary of War John C. Breckinridge. Sherman was agreeable, and promised to meet again with Johnston at noon on the 18th at the same place. As he informed Grant, “we lose nothing in time, as by agreement both armies stand still and the roads are drying up, so that if I am forced to pursue we will be able to make better speed.” The one thing that both Sherman and Johnston feared was that the Confederate armies would “dissolve and fill the whole land with robbers and assassins.” O.R., Ser. I, Vol. XLVII, pt. III, p. 237.
  2. Sherman’s headquarters on the evening of the 17th issued a special field order, announcing, “with pain and sorrow,” the assassination of President Lincoln by one “who uttered the State motto of Virginia.” To calm passions, Sherman informed his soldiers “that the great mass of the Confederate Army would scorn to sanction such acts, but he believes it the legitimate consequence of rebellion against rightful authority.” Ibid., pp. 238-39.
  3. A powerful column led by Maj. Gen. James H. Wilson had advanced deep into Alabama. At Selma on April 2, Wilson’s horse-soldiers had routed Lt. Gen. Nathan B. Forrest’s once formidable corps. Forrest and Brig. Gen. Philip D. Roddey had narrowly escaped capture by swimming the rain-swollen Alabama River under cover of darkness. Warner, Generals in Gray, p. 262.
  4. J.F.C. was mistaken. General Johnston commanded the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. But by involving Secretary of War Breckinridge in the negotiations he hoped to effect the surrender and parole of the remaining Confederate armies, as well as his own.

Database of the Week: RKMA Market Research Reports

Each week we will highlight one of the many databases we have here at the Pomerantz Business Library.

The database: Richard K. Miller & Associates Market Research ReportsRKMA

Where to find it: You can find it here, and under R in the databases A-Z list.

From therie website: “Richard K. Miller & Associates (RKMA) market research handbooks focus on various consumer-related markets. Each of these comprehensive assessments includes market forecasts, sector trends, and statistics. In addition to in-depth analyses, handbooks include links to hundreds of websites for additional information. ”

Use it to find:

  • Reports on:Business-to-Business Marketing; Casinos, Gaming & Wagering; Consumer Behavior; Consumer Marketing; Entertainment, Media & Advertising; Healthcare Business; International Consumer Markets; Leisure Market; Restaurant, Food & Beverage Market; Retail Business Market Research; Sports Marketing; and Travel & Tourism
  • Market forecasts
  • Sector trends
  • Statistics

Tips for searching:

  • Browse the main screen for the newest reports
  • Click the bottom link to view archived reports
  • Once in a report review the Table of Contents


Want help using RKMA Market Research Reports? Contact Willow or Kim and set up an appointment.

Changes in the Main Library Periodical Collection

The Libraries is making the periodical collection on the third floor of Main Library more orderly and accessible by reorganizing all volumes into a single alphabetically arranged sequence. A project is underway to shelve the current issues with the rest of their bound volumes. Bound periodicals run in alphabetical order on the east side of third floor. If you are having problems locating an issue, please call 335-5299, text 319-313-2395, or visit the Service Desk on the 1st floor.

National Submarine Day

We all live in a yellow submarine....

We all live in a yellow submarine….


When you think of submarines, you might think of sub sandwiches, or start singing “…We all live in a yellow submarine, yellow submarine, yellow submarine….”1

But, as we recognize April 11th as National Submarine Day, it is good to remember that living on a US Naval Submarine is a hazardous place to be. On April 11, 1900 the first commissioned submarine, the USS Holland, was acquired by the United States Navy. The Holland was not the first Navy sub, however. That honor goes to the Alligator which was the first submarine ordered and built by the Navy, although it was never commissioned.

In 1863, the Alligator was being towed by the Sumpter, with the plan for the two ships to join the Union attack on Charleston, South Carolina. They were caught in a Nor’easter and the captain of the Sumpter made the decision to cut the ties to the Alligator. The submarine was lost in the “Graveyard of the Atlantic” and was forgotten for nearly 140 years. 2

No lives were lost when the Alligator sank, but there have been many submarine disasters since then. As submarines become larger and more sophisticated, more and more crew are needed, and the loss of life becomes more dramatic.

"Potent, lethal, secret. The ultimate war machine."

“Potent, lethal, secret. The ultimate war machine.”


“Potent, lethal, secret. The ultimate war machine. Nothing else on earth is so densely packed with men and firepower. Submarines truly fought the Cold War. Yet for all their might they are no match for the power of the sea. The submariner’s deadliest enemy is not the other side, it is the ocean itself.” 3


The Civil War submarine HL Hunley was the first submarine to sink a ship in combat. It is known as the “murdering ship,” not because of the lives she took, but because her own crew died when she sank. So many lives were lost that World War I submarines became known as the “coffin service.“ 3

There are many causes of submarine disasters and loss of life, including water rushing in through cracks in the submarine’s hull, torpedoes exploding, valves not sealing, electrical problems, and a loss of power. The intense pressure of the deep seas can crush a submarine, causing a “humane,” instantaneous death. Most of the submarine deaths are much less humane and include suffocation and drowning.  After nuclear powered subs were introduced, radiation poisoning also became a threat. 3

Safety was a concern about submarines from the very beginning. The earliest patents were often for safety equipment on submarines. In 1907 a patent was granted for “Means of Escape from Sunken Submarines.”4 But ways to more reliably rescue crews from downed subs weren’t developed until 1927 when the “Momsen Lung” was developed. The Momsen Lung recycled exhaled air and was hung around the sailors’ neck. It provided oxygen for the ascent and allowed the submariner to slowly rise to the surface, thus avoiding the bends.5

The Steinke Hood.

The Steinke Hood.


In 1962, the U.S. Navy introduced the Steinke Hood, an inflatable life jacket with a hood that trapped a bubble of breathing air and completely enclosed the submariner’s head. The Steinke Hood was standard equipment on all Navy submarines throughout the Cold War. The Navy then began replacing the Steinke Hood with the Submarine Escape Immersion Equipment (SEIE). This was a combination whole-body suit and one-man life raft. It provided protection against hypothermia in the freezing water – which is something that neither the Momsen Lung nor Steinke Hood was equipped to do. 6

Currently the Navy is working not only to improve survival rates on submarines but  also means of escape and rescue. One improvement are the  Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicles (DSRV) which are capable of rescues down to 2000 feet. Another one of the future rescue systems will include the ability to transfer personnel under pressure. This would allow crew members to be rescued at deep depths under immense pressure and then be transferred to a decompression chamber. 

Cross section of a submarine

Cross section of a submarine

For more information on this fascinating subject, check out the resources listed below, and the others we have here in the library.

Engineering Library video record 39620 DVD

Engineering Library video record 39620 DVD



  1. George Martin, Paul McCartney, John Lennon, George Harrison. Copyright: Sony/ATV Tunes LLC, Sony/ATV Music Publishing (UK) Limited, Northern Songs
  2. Undersea Warfare. Spring 2006. The Official Magazine of the U.S. Submarine Force. vol. 8, no. 3.
  3. Lost Subs: disaster at sea. 2002. National Geographic Television & Film : Burbank CA. Engineering Library video record 39620 DVD
  4. Means of escape from sunken submarines. 1907 patent.
  5. Swede Momsen: Diving & Rescue – Momsen Lung. Science & Technology Focus, Office of Naval Research. Date accessed: March 2015.
  6. Steinke Hood. 2000-2015. Global Security.org. Date accessed: March 2015.
  7. Submarine rescue: ready for the unthinkable. Fall 2000. Undersea Warfare: the Official Magazine of the U.S. Submarine Force, vol. 3, no. 1



  1. The nuclear pioneers: atomic subs and nuclear missiles. 2007. Periscop Film. Engineering Circulation Desk Video Record 39515 DVD
  2. Coen, Ross Allen. 2012. Breaking ice for Arctic oil : the epic voyage of the SS Manhattan through the Northwest Passage. Fairbanks : University of Alaska Press. Engineering Library HE595 .P4 C64 2012.
  3. Fossen, Thor I. 2011. Handbook of marine craft hydrodynamics and motion control. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. ; Hoboken N.J. : Wiley. Engineering Library VM156 .F67 2011
  4. The story of the AlligatorThe Hunt for the Alligator, The Navy & Marine Living History Association (NMLHA), in cooperation with the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Association (NOAA) and the Office of Naval Research (ONR). Date accessed: March 2015.
  5. Delgado, James P. 2011. Silent killers: submarines and underwater warfare. Oxford : New York : Osprey. Engineering Library V210 .D45 2011.
  6. Submarine Frequently Asked Questions. Chief of Naval Operations, Submarine Warfare Division. Date accessed, March 2015. (some of the answers are dated – #10, women are, as of 2010, now allowed to be Naval submariners. See Navy Policy Will Allow Women to Serve Aboard Submarines. America’s Navy. 4/29/2010


Database of the Week: Kompass

Each week we will highlight one of the many databases we have here at the Pomerantz Business Library.

The database: KompassKompass

Where to find it: You can find it here, and under K in the databases A-Z list.

Kompass is a business to business import and export directory that enables you to gather information about other companies and promote your company in the global marketplace. Kompass business to business directory has 2.3M companies in 70 countries referenced by 57.000 product & service keywords 860,000 trade names, 4.6M executive names.

Use it to find:

  • Business information
  • Lists of company’s activities and products
  • Trade names
  • Executives

Tips for searching:

  • Use the quick search bar
  • Filter using the left hand sidebar, by: Categories (company activity, company name, executives, etc.), Location, Number of Employees, and Activities.


Want help using Kompass? Contact Willow or Kim and set up an appointment.

Medicinal Plants of the Mediterranean – History of Medicine Society, R. Palmer Howard Dinner – April 24, 2015

picture of Alain Touwaide

Alain Touwaide

The University of Iowa History of Medicine Society invites you to attend the R. Palmer Howard reception, dinner,  and presentation on Friday, April 24, 2015.  Alain Touwaide of the Smithsonian Institution will speak on Medicinal Plants of the Mediterranean : A Unique Tradition.  The event will be held at the Sheraton Hotel in Downtown Iowa City, beginning at 6pm.  Reservations and payment are due by April 17.  ( printable registration form, including menu) Physicians of Antiquity collected  information about the therapeutic uses of natural resources, particularly plants. This knowledge, best illustrated by Hippocrates, Dioscorides and Galen, was handed down through centuries from one generation and one culture to another in an uninterrupted chain. Touwaide will illustrate this unique phenomenon by following the legacy of Antiquity in its odyssey around the Mediterranean until the dawn of Modern Science, focusing on exceptional and ordinary books that transmitted this legacy.   Picture4

The Leader of the Brig. Band is discharged and starts home to-day

Joseph Culver Letter, April 1, 1865, Page 1

Head Qurs. Co. “A”, 129th Ills. Vol. Inftry.
Goldsboro, N.C., April 1st 1865
My Dear Wife

The Leader of the Brig. Band is discharged & starts home to-day & thinking a letter would reach you more directly through him, I hasten to write. I wrote to Lt. [John] McKnight to send you $12 that he owes me & which I had directed him to pay to [Christ] Yetter at Atlanta. I will inclose $10 — if you have no use for it, you can pay it on my acct. with Wm. B. Lyon & take his receipt for it.

I wrote to you a few days ago to get a bill of my purchases & send it to me. I think I wrote the same to Lyon when I wrote about Mother’s transactions. If we receive pay, I will ford. sufficient to pay Lyon & Smith both. I recd. a letter yesterday from Fanny Miller of the 19th inst.

We are all in good health, & the weather is beautiful. I have not had time to write up that diary for you yet. We have no late news. All the company are well. I expect letters from you by to-day’s mail. Letters come through from home, some in 10 to 12 days.

Rumor says we will leave here on the 12th, but no one knows as Genl. Sherman has not returned yet.1 No enemy have been seen on our front for a couple of days. Alva Garner of the 20th Ills. has just come & brings a New York Herald of the 27 Mch.2 The news are very good.

I have been talking until my time for writing has almost expired. Sailor3 leaves at noon from Brig. Hd. Qurs., & it is after 11. I must send this over, or it will be too late. Remember me to all our friends.

With much love, I remain, ever
Your affect. Husband
J. F. Culver

  1. J.F.C. is mistaken on one point. General Sherman returned to his Goldsboro headquarters from City Point on the night of March 30. On April 1 Sherman alerted several of his subordinates to be ready to resume the offensive on the 10th. O. R., Ser. I, Vol. XLVII, pt. III, pp. 80-1.
  2. Alva Garner of Pontiac was mustered into service at Joliet, Ill., as a private in Company D, 20th Illinois, on June 13, 1861. Private Garner was wounded in the arm at Shiloh on April 6, 1862, and on returning to duty was detailed as a nurse in the hospital at La Grange, Tenn. He reenlisted as a veteran volunteer at Big Black Bridge, Miss., on Jan. 5, 1864, and was promoted to sergeant on Oct. 3, 1864. Compiled Service Records of Union Soldiers, NA.
  3. W. F. Sailor was drum major of the brigade band.