My NCBI Tool Replacing eRA Commons July 23

Beginning July 23, 2010, principal investigators will need to use the My NCBI My Bibliography tool to track publications and related NIH grants, rather than entering them manually through eRA Commons. My Bibliography is part of the My NCBI toolbox in PubMed. Current eRA Commons users can link their eRA Commons account to My Bibliography.

Beginning October 22, 2010, eRA Commons will no longer display citations manually entered. By that date, all citations must be added to My Bilbliography so that they will continue to appear in eRA Commons.

More information about this change can by found in the NIH Public Access Policy LibGuide, and detailed, step-by-step instructions for the transition to My Bibliography can be found here.

Older Volumes of JAMA, Archives Now Online

The Library now has electronic access to older volumes of JAMA and the AMA Archives journals, back to volume 1.  Titles and coverage include

  • JAMA 1883-present
  • American Journal of Diseases of Children 1911-1993 (continued by Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1994-present)
  • Archives of Dermatology 1920-present
  • Archives of Family Medicine 1992-2000
  • Archives of General Psychiatry 1959-present
  • Archives of Internal Medicine 1908-present
  • Archives of Neurology 1959-present
  • Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry 1919-1958
  • Archives of Ophthalmology 1929-present
  • Archives of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery 1925-present
  • Archives of Surgery 1920-present

Electronic journals can be access through the InfoHawk catalog or the Electronic Journal A-Z list; both are available on Hardin Library’s website.

Lawrence Lessig Webcast, Thursday, Feb. 25

The University of Iowa Libraries will join libraries across the country for a “Wireside Chat with Lawrence Lessig” on Thursday, February 25 at 5 p.m. in the Main Library Second Floor Conference Room.

The lecture by Lawrence Lessig will last 45 minutes, and will be followed by a 30 minute interactive Q & A session. The event will be moderated by Elizabeth Stark of the Open Video Alliance.

Lessig has been described as the “foundational voice of the free culture movement.” He will be speaking via online video from Harvard Law School.

This is a talk about copyright in a digital age, and the role (and importance) of a doctrine like “fair use.” Fair use allows limited use of copyrighted material without requiring permission from the rights holders, and is essential for commentary, criticism, news reporting, remix, research, teaching and scholarship with video.

As a medium, online video will be most powerful when it is fluid, like a conversation. Like the rest of the internet, online video must be designed to encourage participation, not just passive consumption.

The Wireside Chat is made possible with the support of iCommons and the Ford Foundation.

More PubMed Changes

The National Library of Medicine has made more changes to PubMed. Limits (including language, years, ages, publication type, and others) are now found on a separate page and are no longer located on the Advanced Search page. A link to Limits is found above the search box on each PubMed page. Search History, which shows you what you have searched in this session and allows you to combine search statements, is still located on the Advanced Search page. Advanced Search also include a Search Builder which can be used to construct a search.

More information about these changes can be found in the Jan-Feb 2010 issue of the NLM Technical Bulletin.

Transitions: scholarly communication news for the UI Community, January 2010

January 2010
Issue 1.10

Welcome to the winter issue of Transitions.

The purpose of this irregular electronic newsletter is to bring to readers’ attention some of the many new projects and developments informnig the current system of scholarly communication, with emphasis on new products and programs, the open access movement, and other alternative publishing models. Scholarly communication refers to the full range of formal and informal means by which scholars and researchers communicate, from email discussion lists to peer-reviewed publication. In general, authors are seeking to document and share new discoveries with their colleagues, while readers–researchers, students, librarians and others–want access to all the literature relevant to their work.

While the system of scholarly communication exists for the benefit of the world’s research and educational community and the public at large, it faces a multitude of challenges and is undergoing rapid change brought on by technology. To help interested members of the UI community keep up on these challenges and changes we plan to put out 4 issues per year of this newsletter.  Please visit our web site, Transforming Scholarly Communication, to find out more about this topic.

This newsletter is designed to reflect the interests of its readers so please forward comments, suggestions and entries to include to

Visit our newsletter to read the articles:

Public Access to Federally Funded Research – Public input
University Press survival… through open access
Compact for Open Access Publication Equity (COPE)
PLoS One to be indexed by Web of Science
Optical Society of America – a pioneer in scholarly publishing innovation
Nobel Prize-winning scientists urge Congress to act
Open Access Encyclopedias
Who will pay for Arxiv?
Studies on Access – a review
Medical Schools Quizzed on Ghostwriting
Scholarly and Research Communication, a new OA journal
Wellcome Trust calls for greater transparency

Noise on Hardin’s 1st Floor

Beginning Tuesday, November 24, books and journals currently located on Hardin’s first floor will be moved out of the Library to the Library Annex.  Shelving will also be removed. This is the first stage of a long-term project which will result in offices for the University’s Institutional Review Board being built on the first floor.  Additionally, volumes from the current Psychology Library will be moved into the remaining first floor stacks.

We apologize for the noise which this project will create over the next several months, and recommend using other areas of the Library for study.  The fourth floor is generally the quietest area of the Library.

Questions or comments can be sent to or to Janna Lawrence, Hardin Library Assistant Director, at

Exam Master Changes Log-In Name

Beginning today, November 16, 2009, Exam Master users will log-in with the email address they registered with, rather than with a separate user name.  Note that when using Exam Master from off-campus, users will still need to log in first with their HawkID and password, to verify that they are affiliated with the University of Iowa, before logging into Exam Master with their email address.

New PubMed Interface Back

PubMed‘s new interface is back, after a few technical issues Monday and Tuesday. The new look is streamlined, but all of the previous functionality is there — just click Advanced Search. The University of Washington has developed a great tipsheet comparing the old and new interfaces, and NLM has updated the help files found in PubMed to reflect the new version.

Questions? Give us a call at 335-9151 or email us at

Open Access Publishing in the Health Sciences

Editor’s Note: Throughout Open Access Week (Oct 19-23), the UI Libraries will be sharing the views of our UI colleagues on the topic of open access.

by Dr. William Sivitz, Professor of Internal Medicine

I recently published an article in PlosOne (Mitochondrial Targeted Coenzyme Q, Superoxide, and Fuel Selectivity in Endothelial Cells by Brian D. Fink, Yunxia O’Malley, Brian L. Dake, Nicolette C. Ross, Thomas E. Prisinzano, and William I. Sivitz). I found the process straightforward and faster than most other journals. The peer review was thorough but fair. I hope to see this used more frequently.


by Dr. Michael Knudson, Association Professor of Pathology

We published in Plos One and found it a very satisfying experience.  Quick, insightful reviews, no charge for color figures and no copyright forms to sign.

The journal allows readers to provide feedback and ratings of each article.  I would recommend Open Access to all.

Who Should Pay? Does Open Access Mean Free Access?

Editor’s note: Throughout Open Access Week (Oct 19-23), the UI Libraries will be sharing the views of our UI colleagues on the topic of open access.

by Dr. Christopher Squier, Professor, College of Dentistry and Christine White, Librarian, College of Dentistry

Traditionally, the cost of publishing articles in print journals has been borne (apart from page charges for lengthy articles or colored illustrations) by the publisher, based on income, from subscriptions from readers or libraries. This is reasonable considering the high cost of supporting the scholarship that forms the basis of a publication. With open access articles, however, there is now a movement towards freely providing the material to the reader but shifting the cost of publication on the scholar. Fees, which may range from $500 to $3000, are requested from the author, although in a few situations, voluntary donations are solicited to help support a journal (e.g., Edward H. Angle Society of Orthodontists / Angle Orthodontist), or the publication may be subsidized by a publisher’s other journals, as acknowledged by PLoS. Other mechanisms include support from advertisers, such as the Journal of Chemical Education, which notes that “advertising in the Journal plays a significant role in helping to keep your subscription affordable,” or sponsored by an open access individual/institutional membership fee, which provides discounts to authors based on the number of articles submitted for publication (e.g., Bentham Open:

There are good reasons to resist moving the costs of publication from the publisher to the author, even when there may be grant or institutional funding to support this. The major objection is the temptation to base publication on the ability to pay rather than on the quality of work, as determined by peers. When costs are passed onto grants or academic institutions, the sponsor is, in effect, paying twice: once for the cost of doing the research and again to publish it, and the support available for new research is reduced. Of course, it could be argued that the institution pays when it purchases subscriptions, but because a large number of academic and industrial organizations all do this, the cost is spread over a large pool.

Should the reader be allowed free access as well as open access? Should the traditional balance be kept between authors, institutions and publishers? These are questions that we must continue to discuss.