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Celebrate Banned Books!

Hundreds of books have been either removed or challenged in schools and libraries in the United States every year. According to the American Library Association (ALA), there were at least 464 in 2012.  ALA estimates that 70 to 80 percent are never reported.

To celebrate, here are some books of interest in Engineering and Science that have been banned at one time or another:

  • Banned in 17th Century Europe:  Any writing or discussion demonstrating the heliocentric nature of the universe.
    Writings by Physicist and Astronomer Galileo Galilei was charged and convicted of heresy by the Inquisition in 1632 for writing, “Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems” Main Library QB41 .G1356 1967
  • Banned in schools in Tennessee following the Butler Act of 1925:  Books and teaching materials on Darwinian evolution theory.
    The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin  Main Library QH365 .O2 1979
  • Banned in Menifee School District, California:  Dictionary banned for too explicit definition.
    Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary   Hardin Library For Health Sci Library PE1628 W4M4 1993
  • Banned through the United States: For being too accurate in its scientific initiative.
    The Golden Book of Chemistry Experiments, written in 1960 by Robert Brent and illustrated by Harry Lazarus.

 

Banned Classic Books:

According to the Office for Intellectual Freedom, at least 46 of the Radcliffe Publishing Course Top 100 Novels of the 20th Century have been the target of ban attempts.  See which books these are and learn the reasons for being banned at the following linkhttp://www.ala.org/bbooks/frequentlychallengedbooks/classics/reasons  

 

 

References:

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New Group Study Rooms

Group Study Rooms

The Lichtenberger Engineering Library now has 2 group study rooms!

Pod 1

  • Media:Scape System: Large Television allowing for up to 6 laptops to be connected at a time for easy collaboration.
  • Whiteboard Wall

Pod 2

  • Table with 4 chairs
  • Whiteboard Wall

Reservation Policies

2-2-2 RULES

Group spaces in the Lichtenberger Engineering Library may be reserved by sign-up posted by each room. Use of the group spaces is governed by the 2-2-2 rules.

  • Two or more students are required to be present for group space use. Priority will be given to groups over individuals. Unattended items left in the room will be removed from the room and reservations will be cancelled.
  • Reservations may last up to two hours. Consecutive reservations will not be permitted.
  • Reservations can be made up to two days in advance.

No Show Policy

Groups have 15 minutes after the start of their reservation to arrive. If a group has not claimed their study space by that time their reservation will be cancelled.

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Happenings in the Engineering Library

The Lichtenberger Engineering Library has made a lot of changes over the summer!

 

Check to see what we’ve all been up to:

1.            New Tools
2.            New Study Rooms
3.            WISE Collection
4.            Library Xpress Classes
5.            New Resources (Engineering Case Studies Online, Standards, Synthesis Lectures, New DVDs)
6.            Refworks Discontinued
7.            Course Reserves
8.            Instruction & Research Support

 

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  1.                New Tools

With support from the Engineering Electronics Shop & Engineering Computer Services, the Library has added 24 new tools to the Tool Library!

The Tool Library now has eyeball webcams, microphones, and 2 LabQuest data devices with 19 accessories are available for check out.   The LabQuest with the available accessories can be used for collecting and analyzing data in experiments and other hands-on projects.   For a complete list of all tools, as well as descriptions and links to user manuals, click on the Tool Library at http://guides.lib.uiowa.edu/toollibrary . Tools are arranged by category and, unless noted otherwise, can circulate for 1 week.

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2.            New Study Rooms

The Library now has 2 group study rooms!  Both rooms feature whiteboard walls and one features a media:scape system.  For more information and reservation policies, check out the following link: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/eng/group-study-rooms/

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 3.            WISE Collection

The Library has received a generous donation from Women in Science and Engineering, check out all the new resources that have been added at: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/giving/bookplate/?id=240

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4.            Library Xpress Classes

This semester we are adding a few new classes to the Library Xpress Series.  All sessions are open to all and will be on Wednesdays at 2:30 PM.  More information at: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/eng/engineering-library-xpress-classes/

Series Schedule:

September 3rd  “Web of Science”—-Sara Scheib, 30 min
September 10th  “Endnote Basic” —Steve Ostrem, 30 min
September 17th  “Scifinder”—-Sara Scheib, 30 min
September 24th  “Company Information”—-Kim Bloedel, 30 min
October 1st  “Pubmed”—-Shane Wallace, 15 min
October 8th, “Patents”—– Kari Kozak, 15 min
October 15th, “Protein Database”—Christopher Childs, 15 min
October 22nd, “Compendex”—-Kari Kozak, 15 min
October 29th, “Standards”—-Kari Kozak, 15 min
November 5, “IEEE Xplore”—Kari Kozak, 15 min
November 12th, “Open Access”—Karen Fischer, 30 min
November 19th “Keeping up with your research”—-Kari Kozak, 15 min

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 5.            New Resources

Engineering Case Studies Online (http://purl.lib.uiowa.edu/EnginCaseStud)

Engineering Case Studies Online is a multi-media database chronicling the field’s most noteworthy failures, such as the Chernobyl Disaster, Ford Pinto Controversy, Apollo 13 and more. Designed to meet classroom and research needs across a range of engineering disciplines—such as aerospace, mechanical, nuclear, and civil—the collection brings together nuanced information about complex case studies into one database. It aims to incorporate diverse perspectives and materials, presented in a balanced way, to enable through analysis. Pulling together 250 hours of video and 50,000 pages of full-text material upon completion, the collected materials include video documentaries and primary footage, audio transcripts and witness testimony; images, maps, accident reports, blueprints, and other key archival content, monographs and articles, as well as timelines and simulations.

 

More Standards

The library has add many new standards to the standards database, TechStreet (http://purl.lib.uiowa.edu/TechStreet), as well as adding the standards produced by ASCE (http://purl.lib.uiowa.edu/asce). For more information on these standards and all other available visit: http://guides.lib.uiowa.edu/standards

 

Synthesis Lecture Series in Biomedical Engineering and General Engineering, Technology, and Mathematics Collections

Synthesis Lecture Series in Biomedical Engineering(http://www.morganclaypool.com/toc/bme/3/1 ) is comprised of 75- to 150-page publications on advanced and state-of-the-art topics that span the field of biomedical engineering, from the atom and molecule to large diagnostic equipment. Each lecture covers, for that topic, the fundamental principles in a unified manner, develops underlying concepts needed for sequential material, and progresses to more advanced topics.
General Engineering, Technology, and Mathematics Collections 1,2, and 3 (http://www.morganclaypool.com/page/getm1) are comprised of 90 Synthesis lectures from series in Energy and the Environment, General Engineering, and Electrical Engineering, Engineers, Technology, & Society, Global Engineering, and Mathematics & Statistics

 

More DVDs

Over the last year, we’ve add a variety of new DVDs to the Library.  Series include: Mythbusters, Junkyard Wars, How it’s Made, Extreme Engineering, etc. http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/eng/engineering-related-dvds/

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 6.            RefWorks Discontinued

Starting January 1, 2015 RefWorks and Write-N-Cite will no longer be available for free from the UI Libraries. We recommend current RefWorks users transfer their citations to another citation management program well in advance of December 31, 2014.  EndNote Basic (for undergraduates) and EndNote Desktop (for faculty, staff, graduate and professional students) are available for free through the UI Libraries.

Anyone who wishes to stay with RefWorks will need to purchase an individual subscription before December 31, 2014. You can then back-up and restore your references to your new account. http://guides.lib.uiowa.edu/content.php?pid=574044&sid=4733245

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7.            Course Reserves

Course Reserves are going up for the Fall Semester.  If you have not already done so and have items to put on reserve for the Fall Semester, please email the Engineering Library at lib-engineering@uiowa.edu with a list of the materials and course number.  The lists may also be brought to the Library or put into the Engineering Library’s mailbox.

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8.            Instruction & Research Support

Kari is available to provide short or class length demonstrations on a wide variety of library resources and services to students, faculty, and/or staff.  This could range from an overview of the library and services to in-depth researching strategies.  Sessions can be to individuals, small groups, lab groups, or classes. Topics that can be covered include: evaluating information, standards, patents, citations as well as Endnote or other citation software.

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Online Videos of Engineering Failures Now Available!

The Lichtenberger Engineering Library has a new database for streaming videos!

Engineering case study online - Kari's Edits

 

This database is called Engineering Case Studies Online (http://purl.lib.uiowa.edu/EnginCaseStud)

Engineering Case Studies Online is a multi-media database chronicling the field’s most noteworthy failures, such as the Chernobyl Disaster, Ford Pinto Controversy, Apollo 13 and more. Designed to meet classroom and research needs across a range of engineering disciplines—such as aerospace, mechanical, nuclear, and civil—the collection brings together nuanced information about complex case studies into one database. It aims to incorporate diverse perspectives and materials, presented in a balanced way, to enable through analysis. Pulling together 250 hours of video and 50,000 pages of full-text material upon completion, the collected materials include video documentaries and primary footage, audio transcripts and witness testimony; images, maps, accident reports, blueprints, and other key archival content, monographs and articles, as well as timelines and simulations.

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The Library Has New Tools to Borrow

LabQuest2 Device

LabQuest2 Data Device

 

The Lichtenberger Engineering Library announces an addition of 24 new items to the Tool Library. The tools are made available through the donations by the Engineering Electronic Shop and the Engineering Computer Services.

Various screwdrivers, wrenches, measurement devices, an eyeball webcam, and 2 LabQuest data devices with 19 accessories are some of the tools available for check out. For a complete list of all tools, as well as descriptions and links to user manuals, click on the Tool Library LibGuide at http://guides.lib.uiowa.edu/toollibrary. Tools are arranged by category and, unless noted otherwise, can circulate for 1 week.

 

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Summer Reading: Engineering Stories (realistic fiction) in STEM

Engineering Stories ( realistic fiction) in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM)

By Kenneth Richard Hardman

Kenneth R. Hardman publisher c 2013

Engineering PS509..E55 H33 2013                       Engineering stories realistic fiction.jpg2

 

Youth, Young Adults, and Educators, Come into my office, conference room, and laboratory – Experience my adventures, teams, challenges, thoughts, travels, and sudden insights. Engineering Stories are Realistic Fiction, short story dramatizations allowing the reader, through narration, description, dialogue, and thought to experience the adventure and satisfaction of being an engineer, or inventor.  Stories are very plausible, being fictionalized compositions of author experience. Herein, you are able to listen into the mind of an engineer, see how they think, observe how they might behave, understand what motivates them. The objective is to encourage students to consider or continue careers in science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM), show what it may be like, dispel a myth or two, and encourage creativity, problem solving, instilling the confidence to make the world a better place. Seven realistic stories are included in this volume. The focus is engineering product development which involves the activities of developing a product to satisfy the needs and desires of a customer. The customer could be a company, a work group, or an individual. The product could be a method of transportation, fabrication, spacecraft, or medical utility. These stories illustrate how customer needs are gathered, how product requirements are refined, and how creativity is used to determine good potential solutions to the product requirements. Examples are included showing the process by which options are evaluated, selected, designed, built, tested, and put to work for the customer. Like any good story, Engineering Stories show character development, how individuals work on their own and in teams to tackle challenges and build better products. Engineers travel, engineers learn, engineers struggle, engineers grow, and engineers feel joy in what they accomplish. Educators, This book can be used as supplemental material for the classroom. At the end of each story, mentor notes and exercises have been included to emphasize engineering ideas and encourage critical thinking, a very important engineering quality. The teacher is encouraged to assign this material to the student or use these questions for class discussion, and the student is encouraged to write responses to the questions. Finally, enjoy these stories. Encourage others to read them. If you can relate to these protagonists, these engineers, and find yourself improving upon what they have done, then you are probably an engineer, or should be.

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Engineering the Bicycle

Iowa is known for many things: the butter cow, John Wayne, ethanol, and the Register’s Annual Great Bicycle Ride Across Iowa (RAGBRAI). On July 20th, 8,500 riders will mount their two-wheeled pedal machines to cover more than 400 miles in one week. Would this have been possible without the engineering feats of light-weight carbon fiber materials, multiple-speed performance gears, durable traction wheels and brakes, and ergonomically adjustable handle bars and seat posts?

original pedal-driven bicycle

The original pedal-driven bicycle (velocipede) as it appears in Pierre Lallement’s U.S. Patent No. 59,915 of 1866.

The earliest sketch of a bicycle-like machine was drawn in 1493 by a student of Leonardo da Vinci. However, the earliest claim to a two-wheel “running machine” was called the Draisine, named for its inventor, Karl von Drais. who patented his wood-built, steerable design in 1818. Soon after, Denis Johnson of London patented a similar version called the “velocipede” or “pedestrian curricle.” The rider walked or ran on top of the two-wheel machine. It commonly was referred to as the “hobby-horse” since it was an alternative to riding a horse as a means of transportation.

In 1863, a French metalworker, Pierre Lallement, introduced the first crank and pedal-operated serpentine-frame velocipede. His 1866 U.S. patented design became the basis for the first popular and commercially successful “bicycle.” By the 1890s, continued improvements had been made to the steering, safety, comfort and speed of the bicycle design, as well as the addition of the chain-drive from the front wheel hub to the rear.

By the start of the 20th century, cycling had become a viable and popular means of transportation. Mass production increased its affordability and recreational riding clubs formed. Susan B. Anthony coined the phrase “freedom machine” because the bicycle gave women unprecedented mobility. It also reshaped the women’s fashion industry since corsets and angle-length skirts encumbered riding.

REFERENCES

Books:

Bicycle Design book coverBicycle design : an illustrated history / Tony Hadland and Hans-Erhard Lessing ; with contributions from Nick Clayton and Gary W. Sanderson. Cambridge, Massachusetts : The MIT Press, [2014] (eLibrary)

Bicycle Design by Mike BurrowsBicycle design : the search for the perfect machine / Mike Burrows with Tony Hadland. London : Snowbooks Ltd., 2008. (Engineering Library TL410 .B8 2008)

Bike, Scooter and Chopper Projects book cover

Bike, scooter, and chopper projects for the evil genius / Brad Graham, Kathy McGowan.  New York : McGraw-Hill, c2008. (Engineering Library TL400 .G689 2008)

TThe Racing Bicycle book coverhe racing bicycle : design, function, speed / foreword by Robert Penn ; general editors, Richard Moore, Daniel Benson. New York : Universe, 2013. (Engineering Library TL437.5 .R63 2013)

Racing Bicycles book coverRacing bicycles : 100 years of steel / David Rapley ; [photography by Susie Latham]. Mulgrave, Vic. : Images Publishing Group Pty, 2012. (Engineering Library TL410 .R37 2012)

Cyclepedia book cover

Cyclepedia :
a century of iconic bicycle design
 /
Michael Embacher ; foreword by Paul Smith ; photographs by Bernard Angerer.  San Francisco : Chronicle Books, 2011. (Engineering Library FOLIO Tl410 .E43 2011)

 

Article:
LaFrance, Adrienne. “How the Bicycle Paved the Way for Women’s Rights.” The Atlantic [serial online], June 26 2014.

Patent:
Lallement, Piekre. Improvement in velocipedes. U.S. Patent 59, 915, November 20, 1866 (Google Patents)

Standards:
Cycles — Safety requirements for bicycles –

Part 1: Terms and definitions — First Edition, ISO 4210-1 July 1, 2014 (14 pages)

Part 2: Requirements for city and trekking, young adult, mountain and racing bicycles — First Edition, ISO 4210-2 July 1, 2014 (42 pages)

Part 3: Common test methods — First Edition, ISO 4210-3 July 1, 2104 (16 pages)

Part 4: Braking test methods — First Edition, ISO 4210-4 March 20, 2014 (36 pages)

Part 5: Steering test methods — First Edition, ISO 4210-5 July 1, 2014 (20 pages)

Part 6: Frame and fork test methods — First Edition, ISO 4210-6 July 1, 2014 (32 pages)

Part 7: Wheels and rims test methods — First Edition, ISO 4210-7 March 20, 2014 (14 pages)

Part 8: Pedal and drive system test methods — First Edition, ISO 4210-8 July 1 2014 (16 pages)

Part 9: Saddles and seat-post test methods — First Edition, ISO 4210-9 March 20, 2014 (14 pages)